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1960 Chevrolet Corvair

Chevrolet Corvair, 1960
Chevrolet Corvair, 1960
Chevrolet Corvair, 1960
Chevrolet Corvair, 1960
Chevrolet Corvair, 1960
Chevrolet Corvair, 1960
Chevrolet Corvair, 1960
Chevrolet Corvair, 1960
Chevrolet Corvair, 1960
Chevrolet Corvair, 1960
Chevrolet Corvair 700 Sedan, 1960
Chevrolet Corvair 700 Sedan, 1960
Chevrolet Corvair 700 Sedan, 1960
Chevrolet Corvair 700 Sedan, 1960
Chevrolet Corvair Club Coupe, 1960
Chevrolet Corvair Club Coupe, 1960
Chevrolet Corvair Club Coupe, 1960
Chevrolet Corvair Club Coupe, 1960
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Club Coupe Ad, 1960
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Club Coupe Ad, 1960
Chevrolet Corvair, 1961
Chevrolet Corvair, 1961
Chevrolet Corvair 700 Sedan, 1961
Chevrolet Corvair 700 Sedan, 1961
Chevrolet Corvair 700 Lakewood Station Wagon, 1961
Chevrolet Corvair 700 Lakewood Station Wagon, 1961
Chevrolet Corvair 700 Lakewood Station Wagon, 1962
Chevrolet Corvair 700 Lakewood Station Wagon, 1962
Chevrolet Corvair 700 Lakewood Station Wagon, 1962
Chevrolet Corvair 700 Lakewood Station Wagon, 1962
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Station Wagon, 1962
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Station Wagon, 1962
Chevrolet Corvair, 1962 - Monza Club Coupe, Monza 4-Door Sedan
Chevrolet Corvair, 1962 - Monza Club Coupe, Monza 4-Door Sedan
Chevrolet Corvair, 1960 - 500 Club Coupe
Chevrolet Corvair, 1960 - 500 Club Coupe
Chevrolet Corvair, 1962 - 700 4-Door Sedan, 700 Club Coupe
Chevrolet Corvair, 1962 - 700 4-Door Sedan, 700 Club Coupe
Chevrolet Corvair, 1962 - Monza Station Wagon
Chevrolet Corvair, 1962 - Monza Station Wagon
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Convertible, 1962
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Convertible, 1962
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Convertible, 1962
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Convertible, 1962
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Convertible, 1962
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Convertible, 1962
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Spyder, 1963
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Spyder, 1963
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Spyder, 1964
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Spyder, 1964
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Club Coupe Ad, 1964
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Club Coupe Ad, 1964
Chevrolet Corvair Sport Sedan, 1965
Chevrolet Corvair Sport Sedan, 1965
Chevrolet Corvair Corsa Sport Coupe, 1965
Chevrolet Corvair Corsa Sport Coupe, 1965
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Sport Coupe, 1965
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Sport Coupe, 1965
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Sport Coupe, 1965
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Sport Coupe, 1965
Chevrolet Corvair Monza, 1965
Chevrolet Corvair Monza, 1965
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Spyder, 1965
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Spyder, 1965
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Spyder, 1966
Chevrolet Corvair Monza Spyder, 1966
Bilder: GM; www.shorey.net
Bewertung:  15    -4    +19
Chevrolet Corvair, 1960 - 1969
On October 2, 1959, General Motors' Chevrolet division introduced the 1960 Corvair. It was a new and radically different design for an American manufacturer. During the mid-1950s.

The Volkswagen Beetle had become popular with economy-minded drivers. This caused GM to create an economy car to compete with it. This new car was powered by an air-cooled six-cylinder engine, first for Chevrolet, it was referred to as a "flat six," since the cylinders were horizontally opposed. It was also mounted in the rear like the VW.

The 1960 model was offered in two body styles, a 2-door coupe and a 4-door sedan available in two trim models.

Later that model year the "Monza" was added as the line continued to expand. In 1961 Chevy added a pair of vans, a pickup truck and a station wagon, all with the engine mounted in the rear. In 1962 came the first Corvair convertible, along with the first mass-produced American turbo-charged car, the "Spyder."

While early sales were promising for a while, the other large American manufacturers quickly challenged the Corvair with compacts of their own. Chrysler introduced the Dodge Lancer and Plymouth Valiant, while Ford countered with the Falcon and Mercury Comet. Even Chevy itself introduced a car to compete in the same market, the Chevy II.

Chevrolet introduced another sporty car in 1964, the Chevelle, and Ford unveiled the legendary Mustang. The end was near for the Corvair.

Then to make matters worse Ralph Nader's book "Unsafe At Any Speed" portrayed the Corvair as unstable and prone to rollover accidents. While many would attribute the failure of the Corvair to the book, the handwriting was already on the wall in the form of declining sales.

Interestingly, 1966 would have been the last model year, had the Nader book not drawn so much negative publicity. Even the National Highway and Traffic Safety Administration had opened an investigation into its handling. There was simply no way GM could halt the line without appearing to "cave in" to the charges, so production continued, albeit in limited numbers, through the '67, '68 and '69 model years. Ironically, the NHTSA report, released three years after Corvair's demise, would exonerate Chevrolet of all charges, concluding that the Corvair was no more prone to accidents and rollovers than any other comparable car of the period.

After ten years of production throughout the decade of the 1960s, the last Corvair was built on May 14, 1969.

Was the Corvair a failure? It's a matter of opinion. General Motors produced nearly 1.8 million Corvairs over 10 model years. The Corvair pioneered such technological advances as turbo-charging, true four-wheel independent suspension and unit-body (or unibody) construction, and its independent suspension was adapted for later model Corvettes.

Perhaps the Corvair was a car that just couldn't find it right place in the automotive world.


Внезапный успех немецкого «Жука» на американском рынке стал серьезным стимулом для концерна General Motors сделать нечто подобное. Правда, если Volkswagen был действительно дешевым миниавтомобилем, то новый Chevrolet Corvair (1960 г.) по европейским меркам играл в среднем классе (длина 4,6 метра а ширина 1,7 метра). Он оснащался оппозитным шестицилиндровым мотором воздушного охлаждения (2,3-2,4 л 80-100 л.с.), и за доплату «автоматом». Кроме четырехдверной версии предлагалось двухдверное купе, кабриолет, универсал, микроавтобус, фургон и пикап.

Модели конкурентов — фордовский Falcon и Valiant от Chrysler — предназначались преимущественно тем, кто желал получить компактный, но традиционно американский автомобиль. В результате дизайн этих машин, сделанный вполне осознано и профессионально, выглядел все же несколько пресным. Chevrolet же делал ставку на нового клиента. По своей идеологии Corvair был подлинный «антиЖук». Использовав двигатель воздушного охлаждения и заднемоторную компоновку, этот автомобиль получил больший по объему багажник и более высокий уровень комфорта.

На первый взгляд базовый кузов представлял собой обычный «трехобъемник», из схемы которого изъяли все сколько-нибудь оригинальное. Однако автору дизайна Н. Никлесу (N. Nickles) удалось найти новую выразительную пластику за счет так называемой «опоясывающей» подоконной линии, разработанной годом ранее для концепта Biscayne Motorama. Этот прием очень подходил Сorvair, поскольку опоясывающий рельеф замыкал динамику развития боковых горизонталей, а это делало форму более компактной.

Недаром в истории автодизайна ни до ни после такого количества откровенного плагиата не было. Английский Sunbeam/ Hillman Imp, немецкие BMW и NSU Prinz, итальянский FIAT 1500, французские Simca 1000 и Renault R8, японская Mazda 800 и даже отечественный «Запорожец ЗАЗ 966» — все они сильно смахивали на «компакт» от Сhevrolet.

Однако низкий и распластанный над дорогой Corvair, благодаря сильной спортивной ноте и новому имиджу, заметно выделялся из толпы автомобильных лжедетей лейтенанта Шмидта. Автором идеи стал приемник Х. Эрла — Вильям Митчелл (W. Mitchell).
Quelle: oldcarandtruckpictures.com; oldtimer.ru; Н. Розанов, Журнал "Автомобили" 9-1998
Andere Chevrolet
1954 Chevrolet Corvair, 1954 Chevrolet Corvette Convertible Coupe, 1954 Chevrolet Nomad, 1955 Chevrolet Biscayne, 1956 Chevrolet Impala Show Car, 1956 Chevrolet SR-2, 1957 Chevrolet Corvette SS, 1957 Chevrolet Q Corvette XP-84, 1958 Chevrolet Corvette XP-700, 1959 Chevrolet Corvette Stingray, 1959 Chevrolet Impala, 1960 Chevrolet CERV I , 1960 Chevrolet Corvair, 1960 Chevrolet Corvair Coupe Speciale (Pininfarina), 1961 Chevrolet Corvair Sebring Spyder, 1961 Chevrolet Corvette Kelly (Vignale), 1962 Chevrolet Corvair Monza GT, 1962 Chevrolet Corvair Monza SS, 1962 Chevrolet Corvair Super Spyder, 1962 Chevrolet Corvette C2 Prototype XP-720 , 1962 Chevrolet Mako Shark, 1963 Chevrolet Corvair Testudo (Bertone), 1963 Chevrolet Corvette Sting Ray, 1963 Chevrolet Rondine (Pininfarina), 1963 Chevrolet Wedge Corvette, 1964 Chevrolet Chevy II Super Nova, 1964 Chevrolet Corvette XP-819 Rear Engine, 1965 Chevrolet Mako Shark II, 1965 Chevrolet Turbo Titan III, 1967 Chevrolet Astro I, 1968 Chevrolet Astro II (XP-880), 1968 Chevrolet AstroVette, 1969 Chevrolet Astro III, 1969 Chevrolet Manta Ray, 1969 Chevrolet XP-882, 1970 Chevrolet Scirocco Showcar, 1973 Chevrolet Corvette Four Rotor, 1973 Chevrolet XP-895 Reynolds, 1973 Chevrolet XP-897GT Two-Rotor (Pininfarina), 1973 Chevrolet XP-898, 1974 Chevrolet Mulsanne Showcar, 1976 Chevrolet AeroVette, 1984 Chevrolet Citation IV, 1984 Chevrolet Ramarro (Bertone), 1986 Chevrolet Corvette Indy, 1987 Chevrolet Aero 2003A, 1987 Chevrolet Blazer XT-1, 1987 Chevrolet Express, 1988 Chevrolet Venture, 1989 Chevrolet California IROC Camaro, 1989 Chevrolet XT-2, 1990 Chevrolet CERV III, 1990 Chevrolet Corvette Nivola (Bertone), 1992 Chevrolet Lumina Sizigi, 1992 Chevrolet Sting Ray III, 1993 Chevrolet Highlander, 1998 Chevrolet Monte-Carlo Intimidator, 1999 Chevrolet Nomad, 1999 Chevrolet Tandem 2000, 1999 Chevrolet Triax, 2000 Chevrolet Avalanche, 2000 Chevrolet SSR, 2000 Chevrolet Traverse, 2001 Chevrolet Borrego, 2001 Chevrolet Sabia, 2002 Chevrolet Bel-air, 2002 Chevrolet Journey, 2003 Chevrolet Cheyenne, 2003 Chevrolet Equinox, 2003 Chevrolet SS, 2004 Chevrolet M3X, 2004 Chevrolet Nomad, 2004 Chevrolet S3X, 2005 Chevrolet T2X, 2006 Chevrolet Camaro, 2006 Chevrolet Prisma Y, 2006 Chevrolet Sequel, 2006 Chevrolet WTCC Ultra, 2007 Chevrolet Beat, 2007 Chevrolet Camaro Convertible, 2007 Chevrolet Groove, 2007 Chevrolet Trax, 2007 Chevrolet Volt, 2008 Chevrolet GPiX, 2008 Chevrolet Orlando, 2009 Chevrolet Corvette Stingray, 2010 Chevrolet Aveo RS Concept, 2010 Chevrolet Volt MPV5 Electric, 2011 Chevrolet Colorado, 2011 Chevrolet Colorado Rally, 2011 Chevrolet Mi-ray, 2012 Chevrolet Code 130R, 2012 Chevrolet Tru 140S, 2014 Chevrolet Adra, 2014 Chevrolet Niva, 2015 Chevrolet Bolt EV, 2015 Chevrolet FNR, 2017 Chevrolet FNR-X Concept
Relevante Artikel:
Крепкие и мускулистые
Н. Розанов, кандидат искусствоведения.
Журнал "АВТОМОБИЛИ", 9-1998
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