|
English
|

1951 Chrysler K-310 (Ghia)

Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Virgil Exner and Ghia's Luigi Segre discuss Chrysler K-310, Ex's first show car and his answer to Harley Earl's GM Motorama fare. Exner attempted to blend Italian with American design.
Virgil Exner and Ghia's Luigi Segre discuss Chrysler K-310, Ex's first show car and his answer to Harley Earl's GM Motorama fare. Exner attempted to blend Italian with American design.
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
The 1951 Chrysler K-310 concept car had a dummy spare tire outline on the trunk. Dubbed the "toilet seat," it would show up on later Exner production designs.
The 1951 Chrysler K-310 concept car had a dummy spare tire outline on the trunk. Dubbed the "toilet seat," it would show up on later Exner production designs.
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951
Chrysler's K-310 Experimental Dream Car Brochure
Chrysler's K-310 Experimental Dream Car Brochure
Chrysler's K-310 Experimental Dream Car Brochure
Chrysler's K-310 Experimental Dream Car Brochure
Chrysler's K-310 Experimental Dream Car Brochure
Chrysler's K-310 Experimental Dream Car Brochure
Chrysler's K-310 Experimental Dream Car Brochure
Chrysler's K-310 Experimental Dream Car Brochure
Chrysler's K-310 Experimental Dream Car Brochure
Chrysler's K-310 Experimental Dream Car Brochure
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951 - Design Process
Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951 - Design Process
Images: Chrysler; www.shorey.net; www.forum-auto.com; www.lov2xlr8.no
Rating:  27    -12    +39
The 1951 K-310 was the second of the Ghia-built Chrysler concept cars designed under the watchful eye of company styling director Virgil Exner.
The first great era of Chrysler concept car creation and design came when Virgil Exner was hired away from his post at Studebaker in 1949 to develop a series of "idea cars" for Chrysler. The president of Chrysler, K.T. Keller, hired Exner to bring the company to the next level. Not long after his hiring, Exner introduced the 1950 Chrysler K-310 "idea car." Exner used "idea cars" to help influence new production vehicles. In that vein, the K-310 was designed to showcase Chrysler's upcoming revolutionary 1951 Hemi V8. In creating the K-310, Exner developed his "pure automobile" design philosophy in which functional elements of the car were featured instead of being disguised - elements like the wheels, the radiator grille, spare tire storage, taillights, etc. Prior to the K-310, those features had been hidden. Exner went in a different direction because, as he said, "The wheel is one of mankind's greatest inventions. Why attempt to hide it?" After the success of the K-310, Exner continued to climb the ladder at Chrysler. In 1953 he was named Director of Styling. Then in 1957, he became Chrysler's first Vice President of Styling. In that time, Exner insisted on having complete control of the clay modeling room and final approval of die models. Keller granted him the control and Exner made history.


The 1951 and 1952 Chrysler K-310 and C-200 concept cars were among the first Mopar dream cars to receive the design "magic touch" of Virgil Exner.

Like most of Exner’s Ghia-built specials, the dashing five-passenger K-310 coupe was designed in Detroit under Ex’s eye. In this case, Ghia received a 3/8-scale clay plaster to guide construction of a full-size running prototype.

The "K" stood for then-company president K. T. Keller; the "310" for the alleged horsepower of the 331-cubic-inch hemi-head V-8 beneath the hood, though the then-new stock version produced only 180 horsepower.

No matter. The K-310 was stunning. "Elements of Continental styling" were featured, according to Chrysler, but also several "classic" touches – like the dummy "toilet seat" spare tire outline – that would typify future Exner designs.

Bulging integral rear fenders avoided period slab-sidedness, while prominently crowned front fenders emphasized a classic front with prow-style hood and headlamps recessed in scalloped nacelles astride a low, rounded, roughly triangular eggcrate grille.

Full cutouts emphasized the wheels, which Ex seldom covered on any of his designs. Subtle two-toning delineated upper from lower body. The roof and deck were proportioned to accent the hood, which wasn’t easy given the contemporary Chrysler Saratoga chassis with 125.5-inch wheelbase.

The K-310’s warm reception prompted construction of a soft-top companion called the Chrysler C-200, unveiled in 1952. Also built on a stock Chrysler Saratoga chassis, the C-200 shared the distinctive "gunsight" taillamps that would transfer virtually without change to the 1955-1956 Imperial.

Both the K-310 and C-200 were strongly considered for showroom sale. As Exner later recalled, K.T. Keller liked the K-310: "He thought it was something they should promote... Of course, it was also something into which they could put their Hemi engine. It was a perfect combination."

But the K-310 would be a never-was for the most basic of reasons: lack of money. Chrysler sales began to free-fall after 1949, and within three years the firm was outproduced by Ford for the first time since the Depression.

Although plans for a limited run of "street" K-310s were shelved, Exner continued campaigning for a Chrysler-based sportster the public could buy.


На Chrysler работа закипела с приходом Вирджила Экснера, чей талант в полной мере раскроется во второй половине 50-х. Именно Экснеру компания Chrysler обязана неповторимым фирменным стилем. В 1951 году результатом его работы стал Dream Car K-310. Эта модель стоит особняком в истории американского автодизайна. По характеру обводов автомобиль скорее напоминает "европейца", и только "зловещая" пластика облицовки радиатора и приспущенные верхние "веки" фар выдают в нем "американца". К этому образу Chrysler еще вернется в середине 90-х годов. Вирджил Экснер наиболее точно определил тенденции в развитии формообразования кузовов спортивного купе.


Автомобиль мечты (Dream car) — так называли экспериментальные автомобили, выпущенные в единичных экземплярах. Они, как правило, предназначались для показа на всемирных автосалонах и больших автомобильных выставках. Все производители автомобилей пытались построить такую машину завтрашнего дня. Впрочем, получалось у всех по-разному. Иногда такие попытки заглянуть в будущее становились востребованными и массовыми моделями, а иногда оставались единичными эффектными экземплярами. В любом случае подлинный Dream Car являлся носителем самых передовых (для своего времени), а иногда и революционных дизайнерских идей и конструкторских решений.

Именно таким автомобилем, который никогда не пошел в серийное производство, но до сих пор восхищает любителей олдтаймеров, был Chrysler K-310, построенный в качестве творческого эксперимента и для изучения стиля.

Этот автомобиль был ответом на вызов, с которым столкнулась корпорация Chrysler в конце 1940-х и начале 1950-х годов. После окончания мировой войны компания процветала, но ее модельный ряд подвергался критике за излишний консерватизм. Общество желало чего-то более смелого и необычного. Многие американские автопроизводители в поисках вдохновения обратили свой взор на Европу. Не был исключением и Chrysler. Он сотрудничал с известными итальянскими компаниями, и это сотрудничество было взаимовыгодным: американцы помогали восстанавливать разрушенную войной промышленность, а итальянцы делились своими смелыми идеями автомобильного дизайна.

Chrysler начал переговоры с одним из самых известных производителей автомобильных кузовов Ghia в Турине. Подобное сотрудничество было выгодно не только с точки зрения смелого дизайна, но и сугубо экономически. Когда Chrysler подсчитал затраты, необходимые для проектирования такой машины в собственном конструкторском бюро, сумма оказалась очень солидной по тем временам — около $125 000. Когда они задали тот же вопрос итальянской Ghia, сумма получилась чуть ли не в десять раз меньше — от $10 000 до $20 000.

Первые результаты этого сотрудничества в виде Chrysler К-310 появились в 1951 г., а сам автомобиль мечты от Chrysler дебютировал уже через год на Парижском автосалоне. Сердцем новинки стал большой мотор Hemi V8 мощностью 235 лошадиных сил.

И хотя это эффектная машина никогда не вышла в серийное производство и осталась только смелым экспериментом для вдохновения команды дизайнеров Chrysler, восторженная реакция публики открыла путь для новых моделей в модном аэро-стиле. Сам Chrysler К-310 остался в автомобильной истории редкой диковинкой, этаким изящным сочетанием американской мощности и тонкого итальянского стиля, радующим настоящих знатоков и любителей олдтаймеров.
Source: Chrysler; auto.howstuffworks.com; Иван Рожнов. "Аэростиль. Часть первая" (Журнал "МОТОР", 5-1998); oldtimer.ru
Coachbuilder: Ghia
1933 Fiat 508S Balilla Spider (Ghia), 1947 Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 Sport Cabriolet (Ghia), 1948 Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 Sport Cabriolet (Ghia), 1949 Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 SS Coupe (Ghia), 1950 Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 SS Supergioiello (Ghia), 1950 Ferrari 195 Inter (Ghia), 1951 Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1951 Plymouth XX-500 (Ghia), 1951 Talbot-Lago T.26 Record Coupe (Ghia), 1952 Chrysler C-200 (Ghia), 1952 Chrysler Special (Ghia), 1953 Abarth Fiat 1100 (Ghia), 1953 Alfa Romeo 1900 Sprint Supergioiello (Ghia), 1953 Alfa Romeo 1900 Supersonic Conrero (Ghia), 1953 Cadillac Coupe (Ghia), 1953 Chrysler D’Elegance (Ghia), 1953 Chrysler GS-1 Special (Ghia), 1953 Chrysler Thomas Special (Ghia), 1953 Dodge Firearrow I (Ghia), 1953 Fiat 8V Boano Coupe (Ghia), 1953 Fiat 8V Supersonic Coupe (Ghia), 1954 Alfa Romeo 1900 CS Speciale (Ghia), 1954 Alfa Romeo 1900 SS (Ghia), 1954 Alfa Romeo 2000 Abarth (Ghia), 1954 Chrysler ST Special (Ghia), 1954 DeSoto Adventurer I (Ghia), 1954 Dodge Firearrow II (Ghia), 1954 Dodge Firearrow III (Ghia), 1954 Dodge Firebomb - Firearrow IV (Ghia), 1954 Jaguar XK120 Supersonic (Ghia), 1954 Plymouth Explorer Special (Ghia), 1954 Simca Convertible Special (Ghia), 1955 Alfa Romeo 1900 Supergioiello (Ghia), 1955 Chrysler Falcon (Ghia), 1955 Chrysler Flight Sweep I (Ghia), 1955 Chrysler Flight Sweep II (Ghia), 1955 Chrysler ST Special (Ghia), 1955 Chrysler ST Special Convertible (Ghia), 1955 DeSoto Adventurer II (Ghia), 1955 Ferrari 375 MM Coupe Speciale (Ghia), 1955 Ghia Gilda I, 1955 Lincoln Futura (Ghia), 1955 Volkswagen Karmann Ghia (Ghia), 1956 Aston Martin DB2/4 Mk II Supersonic (Ghia), 1956 Chrysler Dart (Ghia), 1956 Chrysler Norseman (Ghia), 1956 Chrysler Special K300 (Ghia), 1956 Dual-Ghia Convertible (Ghia), 1956 Ferrari 410 Superamerica (Ghia), 1956 Jaguar XK140 (Ghia), 1956 Mercedes-Benz 300 Berlina/Convertible (Ghia), 1956 Packard Predictor (Ghia), 1956 Plymouth Plainsman (Ghia), 1957 Chrysler 375 Coupe (Ghia), 1957 Chrysler Diablo (Ghia), 1957 Dual-Ghia Sport Coupe (Ghia), 1957 Fiat Jolly (Ghia), 1958 Dual-Ghia 400 (Ghia), 1958 Simca Special (Ghia), 1959 Ghia Selene, 1960 Chrysler Valiant (Ghia), 1960 Ghia Dragster IXG, 1960 Plymouth XNR (Ghia), 1961 Chrysler TurboFlite (Ghia), 1961 Dodge Flite-Wing (Ghia), 1961 Dual-Ghia L 6.4 (Ghia), 1961 Ghia Cart, 1961 Maserati 5000 GT (Ghia), 1961 Plymouth Asimmetrica (Ghia), 1961 Volvo P1800 (Ghia), 1962 Fiat 500 Ziba (Ghia), 1962 Ghia Selene II, 1962 Plymouth Valiant St. Regis (Ghia), 1963 Chrysler Turbine Car (Ghia), 1963 Ghia G230S, 1964 Chrysler V280 (Ghia), 1964 Ghia 1500 GT, 1964 Renault R8 Coupe (Ghia), 1965 Bugatti Type-101C (Ghia), 1965 DeTomaso Competizione 2000 (Ghia), 1965 DeTomaso Vallelunga (Ghia), 1966 DeTomaso Mangusta (Ghia), 1966 DeTomaso Mangusta Spyder (Ghia), 1966 DeTomaso Pampero (Ghia), 1966 Duesenberg Model D (Ghia), 1966 Fiat 850 Vanessa (Ghia), 1966 Ghia 450/SS, 1966 Isuzu 117 Sport (Ghia), 1966 Maserati Ghibli (Ghia), 1967 DeTomaso Rowan (Ghia), 1967 Iso S4 Fidia (Ghia), 1967 Oldsmobile Thor (Ghia), 1968 Ghia Serenissima, 1968 Maserati Ghibli Spider (Ghia), 1968 Maserati Simun (Ghia), 1969 DeTomaso Mustela (Ghia), 1969 Isuzu Bellett MX1600 (Ghia), 1969 Lancia Fulvia 1600 Competizione (Ghia), 1969 Lancia Marica (Ghia), 1970 DeTomaso Pantera (Ghia), 1970 Ghia City Car, 1971 DeTomaso 1600 Spider (Ghia), 1971 DeTomaso Deauville (Ghia), 1971 DeTomaso Zonda (Ghia), 1971 Ford GT-70 (Ghia), 1972 DeTomaso Longchamp (Ghia), 1973 DeTomaso Pantera II/Montella (Ghia), 1973 Ford Mustela II (Ghia), 1973 Lincoln Mark I (Ghia), 1974 Ford Coins (Ghia), 1975 Ford Flashback (Ghia), 1975 Ford Urban Car (Manx) (Ghia), 1976 Ford Corrida (Ghia), 1976 Ford Prima (Ghia), 1977 Ford Megastar (Ghia), 1978 Ford Fiesta Tuareg (Ghia), 1978 Ford Lucano (Ghia), 1978 Ford Megastar II (Ghia), 1978 Ford Microsport (Ghia), 1978 Ford Mustang III (Ghia), 1978 Ghia Action, 1978 Mercury XM (Ghia), 1979 Ford GTK (Ghia), 1979 Ford Navarre (Ghia), 1979 Ford Probe I (Ghia), 1980 Ford Granada Altair (Ghia), 1980 Ford Mustang RSX (Ghia), 1980 Ford Pockar (Ghia), 1981 AC ME3000 (Ghia), 1981 Ford Aerovan (Ghia), 1981 Ford Avant Garde (Ghia), 1981 Ford Cockpit (Ghia), 1981 Ford EXP-II (Ghia), 1981 Ford Shuttler (Ghia), 1981 Ford Super Gnat (Ghia), 1982 Ford Brezza (Ghia), 1982 Ford Quicksilver (Ghia), 1982 Ford Topaz (Ghia), 1982 Ghia Mini Max, 1983 Ford Barchetta (Ghia), 1983 Ford Trio (Ghia), 1984 Ford APV (Ghia), 1984 Ford Vignale Mustang (Ghia), 1984 Ford Vignale TSX-4 (Ghia), 1985 Ford Probe V (Ghia), 1985 Ford Urby (Ghia), 1986 Ford Vignale TSX-6 (Ghia), 1987 Ford HFX Aerostar (Ghia), 1987 Lincoln by Vignale (Ghia), 1989 Ford Saguaro (Ghia), 1989 Ford Via (Ghia), 1990 Ford Fiesta Bebop (Ghia), 1990 Ford Zag (Ghia), 1990 Ford Zig (Ghia), 1991 Ford Connecta (Ghia), 1992 Ford Focus (Ghia), 1993 Aston Martin Lagonda Vignale (Ghia), 1994 Ford Arioso (Ghia), 1996 Ford Alpe (Ghia), 1996 Ford Lynx (Ghia), 1996 Ford Saetta (Ghia), 1996 Ford Vivace (Ghia), 1996 Lincoln Sentinel (Ghia), 1998 Ford Touring Ka (Ghia), 2000 Ford Street Ka (Ghia), 2001 Ford Forty Nine (Ghia)
Other Chrysler
1934 Chrysler Airflow, 1940 Chrysler Newport Phaeton, 1941 Chrysler Thunderbolt, 1951 Chrysler K-310 (Ghia), 1952 Chrysler C-200 (Ghia), 1952 Chrysler Special (Ghia), 1953 Chrysler D’Elegance (Ghia), 1953 Chrysler GS-1 Special (Ghia), 1953 Chrysler Thomas Special (Ghia), 1954 Chrysler La Comte, 1954 Chrysler La Comtesse, 1954 Chrysler ST Special (Ghia), 1955 Chrysler Falcon (Ghia), 1955 Chrysler Flight Sweep I (Ghia), 1955 Chrysler Flight Sweep II (Ghia), 1955 Chrysler ST Special (Ghia), 1955 Chrysler ST Special Convertible (Ghia), 1956 Chrysler Dart (Ghia), 1956 Chrysler Norseman (Ghia), 1956 Chrysler Special K300 (Ghia), 1957 Chrysler 375 Coupe (Ghia), 1957 Chrysler Diablo (Ghia), 1958 Chrysler Imperial D`Elegance, 1960 Chrysler Valiant (Ghia), 1961 Chrysler TurboFlite (Ghia), 1963 Chrysler Turbine Car (Ghia), 1963 Chrysler Typhoon, 1964 Chrysler V280 (Ghia), 1966 Chrysler 300X, 1969 Chrysler Concept 70X, 1970 Chrysler Cordoba de Oro, 1977 Chrysler LeBaron Turbine, 1982 Chrysler Stealth, 1987 Chrysler Lamborghini Portofino (Coggiola), 1989 Chrysler Millenium, 1991 Chrysler 300, 1992 Chrysler Cirrus, 1993 Chrysler Thunderbolt, 1994 Chrysler Aviat, 1995 Chrysler Atlantic, 1996 Chrysler LHX, 1997 Chrysler CCV (Composite Concept Vehicle), 1997 Chrysler Phaeton, 1998 Chrysler Chronos, 1998 Chrysler Pronto Cruizer, 1999 Chrysler Citadel, 1999 Chrysler Java, 2000 Chrysler 300 Hemi C, 2000 Chrysler Panel Cruiser, 2001 Chrysler Crossfire, 2002 Chrysler California Cruiser, 2002 Chrysler Pacifica, 2003 Chrysler 300c, 2003 Chrysler 300c Touring, 2003 Chrysler Airflite, 2004 Chrysler ME Four-Twelve, 2005 Chrysler Akino, 2005 Chrysler Firepower, 2006 Chrysler Imperial, 2007 Chrysler Nassau, 2008 Chrysler ecoVoyager, 2009 Chrysler 200C EV, 2017 Chrysler Portal
Related articles:
Килл Билл
Александр Андриевский
Газета.Ru - Автоистория
Прощай, Гиа! (начало)
Никита Розанов
Журнал "Автомобили" 5-2002
Аэростиль. Часть первая (1948-1953)
Иван Рожнов
Журнал "МОТОР", 5-1998
Discuss this car
Author
E-mail
Add your comments