На автосалоне в Женеве компания Aston Martin показала прототип третьего среднемоторного гиперкара, ранее известного как Project 003. Двухдверка получила название AM-RB 003 и первое в автомобильной индустрии активное антикрыло, меняющее свою форму, а не угол наклона.
К работе на гиперкаром Aston Martin привлекла давнего партнера — Red Bull Advanced Technologies. Инжиниринговая фирма, которая также помогала в постройке «Валькирии»
, отвечает за дизайн и техническую часть. Фундаментальный подход к аэродинамике, позаимствованный у Valkyrie, в AM-RB 003 дополнен уникальной для автомобилестроения технологией — FlexFoil.
Это антикрыло с изменяемым профилем, которое способно регулировать прижимное усилие без физического изменения угла наклона. Решение пришло из аэронавтики, где оно используется для адаптивных закрылков, интегрированных в крыло и управляемым с помощью актуаторов. FlexFoil позволяет снизить коэффициент сопротивления и уменьшить завихрения воздушных потоков. В серийной версии «гибкое» антикрыло будет допускать большее отклонение передней и задней кромки, а скорость срабатывания актуаторов значительно ускорится.
В остальном AM-RB 003 повторяет старшую «Валькирию». У гиперкаров не только общий силуэт, но и оптика, хотя ее рисунок отличается. Aston Martin приводит интересную информацию: фары и задние фонари AM-RB 003 легче, чем одна фара DB11.
В салоне гиперкара стало просторнее: для этого пришлось увеличить ширину центрально консоли. За сиденьями разместился отсек для багажа, а на панели — ниша для мелких вещей. При этом дизайн кокпита стал более минималистичным. Цифровая «приборка» установлена на рулевой колонке, а в качестве мультиинформационного дисплея используется смартфон. Опоясывающая переднюю панель и двери полоса с вертикальными ребрами выполняет несколько функций: дефлекторов вентиляции, динамиков аудиосистемы и контурной подсветки салона.
Приборная панель гиперкара целиком напечатана на 3D-принтере, что позволило снизить ее массу на 50 процентов. Все функциональные переключатели интегрированы в структуру детали. Для отделки салона используются различные типы композитов.
В основу Aston Martin AM-RB 003 ляжет углепластиковый монокок. Кузовные панели гиперкара также будут выполнены из карбона. Двухдверка получит разработанную собственными силами компании гибридную установку на базе турбированного V6, активную подвеску и систему смазки Nexcel с быстросъемным контейнером для моторного масла, фильтра и электронного блока управления от трекового Vulcan.
Всего будет собрано 500 экземпляров Aston Martin AM-RB 003.
05 March 2019
, Geneva, Switzerland: Continuing its march into the manufacture of mid-engined hypercars, Aston Martin is proud to present the design concept for AM-RB 003 at the 2019 Geneva Motor Show.
The British marque can also confirm that AM-RB 003 - previously known as Project 003 - will benefit from the close involvement of Red Bull Advanced Technologies in its design and engineering, continuing one of the brightest and most exciting engineering partnerships in the automotive world.
As its codename suggests, the AM-RB 003 follows the Aston Martin Valkyrie and Valkyrie AMR Pro as the third hypercar in Aston Martin’s mid-engined story. Both evolutionary and revolutionary, AM-RB 003 will incorporate concepts and technologies taken directly from F1TM and applied to the epoch-making Aston Martin Valkyrie, providing it with performance to meet and surpass the performance demands of existing top-end hypercar rivals.
Though making greater concessions to practicality and road use, AM-RB 003 will remain true to
that uncompromising engineering ethos, extending the trickle down of genuine state-of-the-art F1 TM technology into a car built in larger numbers - but still strictly limited to 500 coupes worldwide – and making a design statement that’s second to none.
According to Miles Nurnberger, Aston Martin Director of Design, while AM-RB 003 is heavily influenced by Aston Martin Valkyrie, it is very much its own car: “We were quite deliberate in AM-RB 003 to not disguise its lineage, but we were equally emphatic that it would be a distillation of Aston Martin Valkyrie and not a dilution. The design isn’t as extreme in some areas, but it pushes just as hard in others, and is even taking certain ideas and concepts a step further. That’s a natural function of design evolution, but also testament to just how great an influence working with Red Bull Advanced Technologies on Aston Martin Valkyrie has had on our approach to everything that’s come since.”
Sharing the same fundamental styling and aerodynamic philosophy with Aston Martin Valkyrie, the AM-RB 003 features a pronounced front keel and large rear diffuser, with the underfloor generating the bulk of the downforce. However, AM-RB 003 will also benefit from next-generation aircraft morphing technology, to create a variable airfoil across the entirety of the rear wing.
The technology named FlexFoilTM – developed by FlexSys Inc. – has been validated by NASA through extensive performance and acoustic flight testing, with Aston Martin the first to implement this cutting-edge aerospace technology in the automotive industry.
The system allows for the car’s downforce to be changed without changing the physical angle of the entire element, resulting in a seamless design with high performance, improved efficiency and reduced wind noise. Turbulence and the associated drag increase found in current “state of the art” active wing designs is virtually eliminated too.
The production design will allow for even larger leading and trailing edge deflections than shown in today’s concept and will incorporate greatly increased actuation rates to allow a real-time response to changes in the vehicle’s dynamic state.
Across the top surfaces, other aerodynamic demands create a similar shape to Aston Martin Valkyrie, but new lamp shapes at the front and rear ensure it has its own identity. The lamp graphics are unique, but the internals are taken directly from Aston Martin Valkyrie due to their lightness, with the combined weight of all four units totalling less than the weight of one DB11 headlamp.
One of the biggest differences between Aston Martin Valkyrie and AM-RB 003 is the size of the cockpit, for it was part of the latter’s design brief that it should make greater concessions to usability and comfort. To this end, the AM-RB 003 has LMP1-style doors, which open forwards taking a section of roof with them to facilitate easier ingress and egress. To create more space between driver and passenger the centre console has been widened, while luggage space is provided via a terrace behind the seats. There will also be stowage areas for oddments such as a wallet or mobile phone.
The cockpit itself showcases a bold new design and material philosophy aimed at achieving a reduction in visual clutter and the creation of a uniquely stimulating, dynamic and focussed driving environment. Called ‘Apex Ergonomics‘, it relies on the perfect alignment between the centreline of the driver’s back, steering wheel and pedals and the careful positioning of other elements throughout the cabin to support this driver focussed experience.
A display screen mounted on the steering column allows for the best possible view through the steering wheel without any rim block, while the Infotainment systems ultilise ‘bring-your-own‘ technology - delivered via a Smartphone - for maximum efficiency, functionality, simplicity and flexibility.
Another visual expression of ‘Apex Ergonomics’ can be found in the wraparound band that provides a distinct and functional divide between the lower section of the cockpit and the upper section defined by the extreme curvature of the windscreen. Featuring recessed vertical gills, this band provides discreet delivery of audio, ventilation and ambient lighting and creates a bold, yet fully integrated technical feature as opposed to the traditional placement of individual air vents and speakers.
It serves to focus and emphasise the driver’s attention to this horizontal widescreen zone, which in turn is the area in which all the main controls, displays and material touch points are concentrated. Where traditionally these materials would be wood, leather or glass, the AM-RB 003 signals a transition to advanced design and manufacturing techniques that pioneer what we describe as Space-Craft; that’s to say space-age technology and traditional craft.
Now the authenticity is in lightweight properties and the application of advanced design and manufacturing techniques, including the use of state-of-the-art 3D printing methods; a shift driven by the need to save weight in every area of the car. For example, the 3D printed centre console is a part that removes 50 per cent of the mass, while having integrated functional switches. In addition, thanks to CAD modelling it’s possible to create parametric forms that look very fine, intricate, and in places ‘impossible’ to make. This fuses the purity of obsessive attention, to weight saving and exceptional visual and tactile qualities.
Full technical details of the AM-RB 003 will be revealed as the development programme progresses, but it will be the first car to receive Aston Martin’s new hybrid turbo V6 engine, marking Aston Martin’s return to in-house designed engines.
Complementing this exciting new power unit will be the revolutionary Nexcel sealed oil system., facilitating oil changes in under 90-seconds and the refinement and reuse of the car’s engine oil. This innovative system was first utilised on the track-only Aston Martin Vulcan and subjected to numerous Nürburgring 24 Hours campaigns to prove out its performance and durability credentials. Its use on the Aston Martin AM-RB 003 will the first for a road-going car worldwide.
As a direct descendent of Aston Martin Valkyrie, there was never any question over the AM-RB 003 being built around a lightweight carbon fibre structure and clad in carbon fibre bodywork sculpted for maximum aerodynamic effect. Honed by RBAT and featuring active aerodynamics and morphing aero surfaces, the AM-RB 003 will deliver outstanding levels of downforce in a road-legal car package. The technology transfer continues with active suspension and electronic systems that share a common philosophy with Aston Martin Valkyrie, delivering a chassis blessed with next-level precision, control and driver connection.
Working closely with RBAT, the responsibility for creating the optimum dynamic set-up for AM-RB 003 falls to Aston Martin Chief Engineer, Matt Becker and Aston Martin Expert High Performance Test Driver, Chris Goodwin. Currently immersed in the ongoing development of the Aston Martin Valkyrie - initially using RBAT’s world-leading simulator before the first running prototypes are completed - Becker and Goodwin’s renowned feel and unrivalled expertise will ensure continuity between both Aston Martin Valkyrie and AM-RB 003 projects, providing the Advanced Operations team, led by Chief Engineer Fraser Dunn, with invaluable information to create a car with its own unique character and dynamic fingerprint.
Andy Palmer, Aston Martin Lagonda President & Group CEO, said: “When Aston Martin secured the services of Red Bull Advanced Technologies to embark on the extraordinary journey that became Aston Martin Valkyrie and Aston Martin Valkyrie AMR Pro, it was always my hope that it would lead to a long-term collaboration. As these projects enter an incredibly exciting phase with the commissioning of the first running development prototypes, it gives me tremendous satisfaction to confirm that this exceptional partnership is continuing with the AM-RB 003 - a hypercar that not only draws from the ethos and DNA of Aston Martin Valkyrie, but will in turn influence Aston Martin’s first series production mid-engined supercar”.
Named after the warrior's paradise celebrated in ancient Norse mythology, Valhalla follows Valkyrie on Aston Martin's journey into the highest echelons of road car performance. Employing lightweight construction methods and radical aerodynamics pioneered in Valkyrie, Aston Martin Valhalla will be propelled by a combination of high-efficiency, high-output turbocharged V6 petrol engine and battery-electric hybrid system. Just 500 Coupe examples of the all-carbon fibre hypercar will be built.
In continuing the fine tradition of Aston Martin 'V' cars, Valhalla can trace its lineage back to 1951, when the Vantage designation was given to high performance variants of the then current model, the DB2. Though actual Vantage badging was never applied, the name stuck.
The first time the Vantage name appeared was on the flanks of the DB5. Still it remained a name reserved for the most potent model derivatives until 2005, when the Vantage became a model line in its own right. Fourteen years later that acclaimed family of V8 and V12-powered models is remembered as the most successful in Aston Martin's history. Since then the all-new generation of turbocharged Vantage has fast forged a reputation as the most dynamically focussed series production Aston Martin ever.
Though making greater concessions to practicality and road use, Valhalla remains true to the uncompromising engineering ethos laid down by its bigger brother. Benefitting from genuine state-of-the-art F1 technology and unrivalled active aerodynamics utilising variable morphing surfaces, Valhalla is set to deliver equally impressive levels of handling performance. Powered by a bespoke Aston Martin V6 twin-turbo engine, Aston Martin Valhalla will surpass figures shown in today's hypercar world, underlining its own elite status.
Strictly limited to 500 coupes worldwide, the programme remains oversubscribed as Aston Martin continues to handpick the final lucky customers who will have the opportunity to own this extraordinary machine.