1931 Isotta Fraschini Tipo 8A Spyder 'Flying Star' (Touring)

Isotta Fraschini Tipo 8A Spyder 'Flying Star' (Touring), 1931
Isotta Fraschini Tipo 8A Spyder 'Flying Star' (Touring), 1931
Isotta Fraschini Tipo 8A Spyder 'Flying Star' (Touring), 1931 - Milan Auto Show
Isotta Fraschini Tipo 8A Spyder 'Flying Star' (Touring), 1931 - Milan Auto Show
Isotta Fraschini Tipo 8A Spyder 'Flying Star' (Touring), 1931
Isotta Fraschini Tipo 8A Spyder 'Flying Star' (Touring), 1931
Иллюстрации: Touring Superleggera
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Isotta Fraschini 8A Corto Spyder tipo 'Flying Star' (Carrozzeria Touring), 1931
Kings, tycoons, popes, and movie stars rode in Isotta Fraschinis, including the 1930 Isotta Fraschini 8A Flying Star Roadster. Clara Bow had an Isotta, and Rudolph Valentino owned two. The 1950 film Sunset Boulevard appropriately equipped fictional silent-film star Norma Desmond with an Isotta Fraschini landaulet.

The Italian automaker was best known for its big eights of the Twenties and Thirties, but Isotta Fraschini also built a broad range of sporting machines before World War I and was active in racing. In 1910, it was among the first to put brakes on all four wheels; most other makes didn't offer four-wheel brakes until the mid Twenties.

After the Great War, Isotta changed course and offered a single luxury model powered by the first production straight eight. Luxury-car buyers wanted smooth, flexible multi-cylinder engines, but the early V-8 engines had vibration issues. Until V-8 technology advanced, straight eights were smoother and dominated the luxury-car market between the wars. Isotta's 5.9-liter eight with overhead valves developed 80 bhp in the Tipo 8.

In 1925, capacity was increased to 7.3 liters for the Tipo 8A and horsepower rose to 110-120. The power ratings are deceptive because there was also a tremendous amount of torque. The big Isotta could creep along at four mph in top gear of its three-speed transmission, and first gear was seldom needed as the car could easily launch in second. Top speed was more than 85 mph, and acceleration was strong. More important to Isotta's clientele was the eight's smoothness and reliability.

Isotta Fraschini competed with Rolls-Royce and Hispano-Suiza in the super-luxury market. Isottas were as meticulously crafted and as well finished as their lofty competition. But it was the long hood and Italian coachwork on a standard 145-inch wheelbase that really set Isotta Fraschinis apart from other luxury cars. With the American economy booming in the Twenties, a third of the 1480 Isotta straight eights were sold here. An 8A chassis cost $6500 and custom bodies started at $6,000, although a complete car could exceed $20,000 -- this when Lincoln's 1929 offerings topped out at $7,400.

In 1928, the company began to concentrate on aircraft engine production. Then the 1929 stock market crash killed the lucra­tive American market. Dwindling car production ended in 1935. Prototypes for a rear-engined V-8 car were shown after World War II, but it was not put into production.

In 1931, Carrozzeria Touring built a striking Flying Star roadster on a short 135-inch 8A chassis. Rumor has it that when last seen, it was being driven by Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and his mistress.
По материалам: auto.howstuffworks.com
Разработки студии Touring
1927 Alfa Romeo 6C 1500 Cabriolet 'Royal Touring' (Touring), 1927 Isotta Fraschini Tipo 8A 'Touring Belvedere' (Touring), 1927 Lancia Lambda Faux Cabriolet (Touring), 1928 Fiat 520 Cabiolet (Touring), 1930 Alfa Romeo 6C 1750 Berlinetta (Touring), 1930 Fiat 525 N Cabriolet 'Royal' (Touring), 1930 Officine Mechanica 665 S Mille Miglia Cabriolet (Touring), 1931 Alfa Romeo 6C 1750 GS 'Flying Star' (Touring), 1931 Alfa Romeo 6C 1750 GTC (Touring), 1931 Fiat 522C Roadster 'Flying Star' (Touring), 1931 Isotta Fraschini Tipo 8A Spyder 'Flying Star' (Touring), 1932 Alfa Romeo 8C 2300 Cabriolet (Touring), 1932 Alfa Romeo 8C 2300 Coupe Aerodinamico (Touring), 1932 Alfa Romeo 8C 2300 Coupe Spyder (Touring), 1932 Citroen Tipo 6C Coupe Cabriolet Regina d’Italia (Touring), 1932 Isotta Fraschini Tipo 8B Progetto 'Tip Top' (Touring), 1933 Alfa Romeo 6C 2300 GT Berlinetta 'Freccia di Belzebu' (Touring), 1933 Alfa Romeo 6C 2300 GT 'Tip Top' (Touring), 1933 Fiat 508 Cabriolet 'Ametista' (Touring), 1933 Fiat 508 Cabriolet 'Smeraldo' (Touring), 1933 Lancia Augusta Cabriolet (Touring), 1934 Alfa Romeo 6C 2300 B Coupe (Touring), 1934 Lancia Artena Cabriolet (Touring), 1937 Alfa Romeo 6C 2300 MM 'Superleggera' (Touring), 1937 Alfa Romeo 8C 2900 B Berlinetta (Touring), 1937 Lancia Aprilia Berlinetta Aerodinamica (Touring), 1938 Alfa Romeo 6C 2300 B MM Spider (Touring), 1938 Alfa Romeo 8C 2900 B Le Mans Speciale (Touring), 1938 Fiat 1500 Cabriolet (Touring), 1938 Fiat 508 C 1100 Mille Miglia Spider (Touring), 1938 Lancia Aprilia Cabriolet (Touring), 1938 Lancia Aprilia Spider (Touring), 1938 Lancia Astura 'Flying Star' (Touring), 1939 Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 SS Berlinetta Aerodinamica (Touring), 1939 Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 SS Spider-Corsa (Touring), 1947 Bristol 401 Berlinetta 'Superleggera' (Touring), 1947 Isotta Fraschini Tipo 8C Monterosa Coupe (Touring), 1948 Ferrari 166 Inter (Touring), 1949 Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 SS Villa d’Este (Touring), 1949 Ferrari 166 MM 'Barchetta' (Touring), 1949 Isotta Fraschini Tipo 8C Monterosa Special Sedan (Touring), 1950 Fiat 1400 Berlinetta (Touring), 1951 Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 SS Villa d’Este Cabriolet (Touring), 1951 Ferrari Inter Berlinetta (Touring), 1952 Alfa Romeo C52 Disco Volante (Touring), 1952 Pegaso Z-102 Spider 'Tibidabo' (Touring), 1953 Pegaso Z-102 Berlinetta (Touring), 1953 Pegaso Z-102 'Thrill' (Touring), 1954 Hudson Italia (Touring), 1955 Alfa Romeo 1900 SS Cabriolet (Touring), 1955 Pegaso Z-103 Berlinetta Hardtop (Touring), 1956 Alfa Romeo 1900 SS Cabriolet (Touring), 1956 Aston Martin DB2/4 Spyder (Touring), 1956 Pegaso Z-103 Berlinetta Panoramica (Touring), 1957 Maserati 3500 GT Coupe (Touring), 1959 Maserati 5000 GT (Touring), 1960 Alfa Romeo 2000 Sprint 'Praho' (Touring), 1961 Aston Martin Lagonda Rapide (Touring), 1961 OSCA 1600 GT Coupe (Touring), 1962 Maserati 3500 GT (Touring), 1963 Sunbeam Venezia (Touring), 1964 Lamborghini 350 GT (Touring), 1965 Alfa Romeo Giulia GTC (Touring), 1965 Lamborghini 350 GTS (Touring), 1965 Lamborghini Tigre (Touring), 1966 Aston Martin DBSC (Touring), 1966 Fiat 124 Cabriolet (Touring), 1966 Lamborghini 400GT 'Flying Star II' (Touring), 2008 Maserati A8 GCS Berlinetta (Touring), 2008 Maserati Bellagio (Touring), 2010 Bentley Continental 'Flying Star' (Touring), 2011 Gumpert Tornante (Touring), 2012 Touring Superleggera Disco Volante, 2014 Mini Superleggera Vision (Touring), 2015 Ferrari F12 Berlinetta Lusso (Touring), 2016 Alfa Romeo Disco Volante Spyder (Touring), 2017 Artega Scalo Superelletra (Touring), 2018 Touring Superleggera Sciadipersia, 2019 Touring Supperleggera Sciadipersia Cabriolet
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