1972 Ferrari 365/400/412 (Pininfarina)

Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2 Prototipo (Pininfarina), 1972
Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2 Prototipo (Pininfarina), 1972
Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2 Prototipo (Pininfarina), 1972
Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2 Prototipo (Pininfarina), 1972
Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2 (Pininfarina), 1972-76
Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2 (Pininfarina), 1972-76
Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2 (Pininfarina), 1972-76
Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2 (Pininfarina), 1972-76
Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2 (Pininfarina), 1972-76
Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2 (Pininfarina), 1972-76
Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2 (Pininfarina), 1972-76
Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2 (Pininfarina), 1972-76
Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2 (Pininfarina), 1972-76 - Interior
Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2 (Pininfarina), 1972-76 - Interior
Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2 (Pininfarina), 1972-76 - Interior
Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2 (Pininfarina), 1972-76 - Interior
Ferrari 400 (Pininfarina), 1976-79
Ferrari 400 (Pininfarina), 1976-79
Ferrari 400 (Pininfarina), 1976-79
Ferrari 400 (Pininfarina), 1976-79
Ferrari 400 (Pininfarina), 1976-79
Ferrari 400 (Pininfarina), 1976-79
Ferrari 400 (Pininfarina), 1976-79
Ferrari 400 (Pininfarina), 1976-79
Ferrari 400 (Pininfarina), 1976-79
Ferrari 400 (Pininfarina), 1976-79
Ferrari 400 (Pininfarina), 1976-79 - Luggage space
Ferrari 400 (Pininfarina), 1976-79 - Luggage space
Ferrari 400 Automatic (Pininfarina), 1976-79 - Interior
Ferrari 400 Automatic (Pininfarina), 1976-79 - Interior
Ferrari 400i (Pininfarina), 1979-85
Ferrari 400i (Pininfarina), 1979-85
Ferrari 400i (Pininfarina), 1979-85
Ferrari 400i (Pininfarina), 1979-85
Ferrari 400i (Pininfarina), 1979-85
Ferrari 400i (Pininfarina), 1979-85
Ferrari 400i (Pininfarina), 1979-85
Ferrari 400i (Pininfarina), 1979-85
Ferrari 400i (Pininfarina), 1979-85
Ferrari 400i (Pininfarina), 1979-85
Ferrari 400i (Pininfarina), 1979-85
Ferrari 400i (Pininfarina), 1979-85
Ferrari 365/400/412 (Pininfarina), 1972
Ferrari 365/400/412 (Pininfarina), 1972
Ferrari 400i (Pininfarina), 1979-85 - Luggage space
Ferrari 400i (Pininfarina), 1979-85 - Luggage space
Ferrari 400i (Pininfarina), 1979-85 - Interior
Ferrari 400i (Pininfarina), 1979-85 - Interior
Ferrari 400i (Pininfarina), 1979-85 - Interior
Ferrari 400i (Pininfarina), 1979-85 - Interior
Ferrari 400i (Pininfarina), 1979-85 - Design Sketch
Ferrari 400i (Pininfarina), 1979-85 - Design Sketch
Ferrari 412 (Pininfarina), 1985-89
Ferrari 412 (Pininfarina), 1985-89
Ferrari 412 (Pininfarina), 1985-89
Ferrari 412 (Pininfarina), 1985-89
Ferrari 412 (Pininfarina), 1985-89
Ferrari 412 (Pininfarina), 1985-89
Ferrari 412 (Pininfarina), 1985-89
Ferrari 412 (Pininfarina), 1985-89
Ferrari 412 (Pininfarina), 1985-89
Ferrari 412 (Pininfarina), 1985-89
Ferrari 412 (Pininfarina), 1985-89 - Luggage space
Ferrari 412 (Pininfarina), 1985-89 - Luggage space
Ferrari 412 (Pininfarina), 1985-89 - Engine
Ferrari 412 (Pininfarina), 1985-89 - Engine
Ferrari 412 (Pininfarina), 1985-89 - Design Sketch
Ferrari 412 (Pininfarina), 1985-89 - Design Sketch
Иллюстрации: Pininfarina
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Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2 / 400 / 400i / 412 (Pininfarina), 1972 - 1985
Ferrari 365 GT4 2+2, 1972 - 1976 (Paris'72)

The Ferrari 365 line of cars is quite possibly the most confusingly named series of products since the advent of mass manufacturing. There was the 365 GTB/4, the 365 GT 2+2, the 365 GT4 BB, the 365 GTC, the 365 GTC/4, the 356 California and finally, the 365 GT4 2+2. And, each of those is an almost completely different car. But the 365 GT4 2+2 was especially different in that it was so big, even compared to other 2+2 Ferrari models, and nearly sedan-like in its proportions. It was introduced in 1972 as a replacement for the short-lived 365 GTC/4.

The 365 GT4 2+2 would evolve into the 400, then the 400i and finally the 412 while retaining the same basic overall design. Some controversial decisions would be made by Ferrari when it came to this car in its later stages, but the 365 has the distinction of being made before all of that happened, and saying that you like the 365 doesn’t need to be qualified. The 365 is still an unusual car for a Ferrari though, one that is almost more of a luxury car than 2+2 grand tourer.

The 365 GT4 2+2 was styled by Leonardo Fioravanti of Pininfarina, the same man who had designed the Daytona, and there are a lot of similarities in the two designs. The 365 GTC/4 that the GT4 replaced was even more similar, but there was some downside to adding a back seat to a design that was clearly never meant to have one. The seats weren’t very big and the slope of the fastback roof meant that headroom was a sort of cruel joke.

The GT4 was built using the same chassis, but the wheelbase was stretched by 7.9 inches (and overall length by 10.3 inches) to allow more room for the back seat. The roof was redesigned as well, obviously for the sake of headroom. The resulting “three box” design was surprisingly understated, and opinions on it tend to be divided.

In the days before Ferrari had any V-8 models, the company made the bulk of its profits off of bigger 2+2 grand tourers. So with the 365, Ferrari gave the public the closest thing to a daily driver the company ever produced. The big and spacious interior could actually seat four, and air conditioning came standard. Ferrari also went back to offering a full leather interior as standard, after briefly offering the 365 GTC/4 with a partially cloth plaid interior. A lot of people will tell you that plaid interiors are underrated, I might even be one of them, but you can see the argument against cloth seats in a Ferrari.

All of the many Ferrari models with the 365 name used a version of the Colombo V-12 engine with the same 4.4-liter displacement. This is, in fact, all that the 365 nomenclature meant, that the engine displaced 365cc per cylinder. Not all versions of the 365 engine were the same, but the GT4 2+2 got its engine from the GTC/4 completely unchanged. The “/4” in the older car’s name meant that the engine was a quad-cam, and this remains true on the GT4 2+2, even though it was dropped from the name.

The engine made the same 340 horsepower as it did before, and would actually continue to make 340 horsepower when it was enlarged for the 400. The figure dipped for the 400i and its pollution controls, but the 412 saw power rise back up to 340 horsepower. Apparently, that was exactly the right amount. Unlike later versions of the car, the 365 was offered only with a manual transmission. But, it is often misattributed as the starting point of Ferrari automatics by virtue of looking almost exactly the same as the 400.

Ferrari 400, 1976 - 1979 (Paris'76)

A replacement for the 365 GT4 2+2 came by 1976 by the name of the Ferrari 400.

As with the model it replaces, the name refers to the swept volume of a single cylinder.

To visually differentiate the 400 from the 365 GT4, the first comes with a body-colored chin spoiler, five-bolt fixed rims, paired circular stopligts and the deletion of the emblem from the radiator grille. The interior got more sumptuous, with better seat upholstery, different stitching, patterns and slightly changed switchgear.

The underpinnings of the 400 are almost identical to the 365 GT4 2+2. The car was available in two forms: the 400 Automatic, witch was also the first Ferrari with an automatic transmission (Borg-Warner 3-speed automatic), and the 400 GT, coming with a 5-speed manual box.

A total of 502 units were built - 355 automatics and 147 manuals. No US versions were made.

Ferrari 400i, 1979 - 1985

As emission regulation got stricter, in 1979, the Ferrari 400 got an updated engine.

Instead of the 6 carburetors, the V12 received a Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection system.

This meant a greater improvement regarding emissions but it took the power down from 340 HP to 310 HP. The only visible difference between the 400 and the 400i was exactly the "i" badge on the tail.

Later models came with different camshaft profiles and exhaust headers gaining 5 HP. Interior changes were also made towards the end of the 400i's lifespan, getting a different upholstery, door panels and electronic switchgear. Minor exterior changes were also done.

The model retained the standard 5-speed manual (400i GT) and the optional 3-speed automatic gearbox (400i Automatic). A total of 1,305 units were made.

Ferrari 412, 1985 - 1989 (Geneva'85)

More improvements came in 1985 when the Ferrari 400i became the 412, coming with more style and power.

Design wise, the Ferrari 412 got a raised rear deck to allow for more luggage space, body colored bumpers, a black chin spoiler, a rear black valence incorporating the fog lamps and exhausts and new flat-faced five-spoke rims.

The engine got bored 1 mm to increase the displacement to 5 liters, reason for every cylinder to be exactly 412 cc and name the model accordingly. The 5-speed manual and 3-speed automatic gearboxes have been carried over but the GT and Automatic badges denoting them were dropped.

576 units were made, with production stopping in 1989, followed by three years without a direct replacement.
По материалам: www.topspeed.com; www.autoevolution.com
Разработки студии Pininfarina
1912 Fiat Tipo Zero (Pininfarina), 1937 Lancia Aprilia Aerodinamica (Pininfarina), 1947 Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 SS Cabriolet (Pininfarina), 1947 Cisitalia 202 (Pininfarina), 1947 Maserati A6 1500 Berlinetta Speciale (Pininfarina), 1950 BMW 501 (Pininfarina), 1951 Packard 2-Door Fastback (Pininfarina), 1952 Alfa Romeo 1900 C Sprint Coupe (Pininfarina), 1953 Lancia Aurelia PF200 (Pininfarina), 1953 Lancia Aurelia PF200 C Spider (Pininfarina), 1954 Alfa Romeo 1900 TI Coupe (Pininfarina), 1954 Cadillac PF 200 Cabriolet (Pininfarina), 1954 Lancia Aurelia B24 S (Pininfarina), 1954 Maserati A6GCS Berlinetta (Pininfarina), 1955 Ferrari 375 America Coupe Speciale (Pininfarina), 1955 Fiat 1100 TV Speciale (Pininfarina), 1955 Fiat 8V Berlinetta Speciale (Pininfarina), 1955 Jaguar XK120 (Pininfarina), 1955 Lancia Florida (Pininfarina), 1955 Nash Special (Pininfarina), 1956 Alfa Romeo Super Flow I (Pininfarina), 1956 Alfa Romeo Super Flow II (Pininfarina), 1956 Ferrari 410 Superfast (Pininfarina), 1956 Fiat Multipla Marine (Pininfarina), 1956 Lancia Appia Coupe (Pininfarina), 1956 Rambler Palm Beach (Pininfarina), 1957 Alfa Romeo 2000 Coupe Speciale 'Sestriere' (Pininfarina), 1957 Buick Lido (Pininfarina), 1957 Ferrari 4.9 Superfast (Pininfarina), 1957 Lancia Appia Coupe (Pininfarina), 1957 Lancia Florida II (Pininfarina), 1958 Buick XP-75 (Pininfarina), 1958 Cadillac Skylight Coupe (Pininfarina), 1959 Alfa Romeo Super Flow III (Pininfarina), 1959 Cadillac Starlight (Pininfarina), 1959 Ferrari 250 GT SWB (Pininfarina), 1959 Ferrari 400 Superamerica Coupe Speciale (Pininfarina), 1959 Fiat 2100 Coupe (Pininfarina), 1960 Abarth Monoposto da record (Pininfarina), 1960 Alfa Romeo Super Flow IV (Pininfarina), 1960 Chevrolet Corvair Coupe Speciale (Pininfarina), 1960 Ferrari Superfast II (Pininfarina), 1960 Pininfarina X, 1961 Alfa Romeo Giulietta SS Spider (Pininfarina), 1961 Cadillac PF Jacqueline (Pininfarina), 1961 Fiat 600 D Berlinetta Aerodinamica Modello 'Y' (Pininfarina), 1961 Maserati 5000 GT 'Gianni Agnelli' (Pininfarina), 1962 Alfa Romeo 2600 Cabriolet Speciale (Pininfarina), 1962 Alfa Romeo Giulietta SS Coupe (Pininfarina), 1962 Austin Healey 3000 (Pininfarina), 1962 Ferrari Superfast III (Pininfarina), 1962 Ferrari Superfast IV (Pininfarina), 1962 Fiat 2300 Coupe Speciale (Pininfarina), 1962 Lancia Flavia Coupe (Pininfarina), 1963 Alfa Romeo 2600 Coupe Speciale (Pininfarina), 1963 Chevrolet Rondine (Pininfarina), 1963 Fiat 2300 Cabriolet Speciale (Pininfarina), 1963 Fiat 2300 S Lausanne (Pininfarina), 1963 Lancia Flaminia Coupe Speciale (Pininfarina), 1963 Pininfarina PF Sigma, 1964 Abarth 1000 Spider (Pininfarina), 1964 Fiat 2300 S Coupe Speciale (Pininfarina), 1964 Mercedes-Benz 230 SL Coupe (Pininfarina), 1965 Abarth 1000 Coupe Speciale (Pininfarina), 1965 Alfa Romeo Giulia 1600 Sport (Pininfarina), 1965 Ferrari Dino Berlinetta Speciale (Pininfarina), 1965 Fiat 2300 S Coupe Speciale (Pininfarina), 1966 Ferrari 365 P Berlinetta Speciale (Pininfarina), 1966 Ferrari Dino Berlinetta GT (Pininfarina), 1966 Fiat Dino Speciale Prototipo (Pininfarina), 1967 Ferrari Dino 206 Competizione (Pininfarina), 1967 Ferrari Dino 206/246 GT (Pininfarina), 1967 Fiat Dino Parigi (Pininfarina), 1967 Pininfarina BMC-1800 Berlina-Aerodinamica, 1968 Alfa Romeo P33 Roadster (Pininfarina), 1968 Bentley T1 Coupe Speciale (Pininfarina), 1968 Ferrari 250 P5 (Pininfarina), 1968 Ferrari P6 (Pininfarina), 1968 Fiat Dino Ginevra (Pininfarina), 1968 Pininfarina BLMC 1100, 1969 Abarth 2000 (Pininfarina), 1969 Alfa Romeo P33 Coupe (Pininfarina), 1969 Ferrari 512S Speciale (Pininfarina), 1969 Fiat 128 Teenager (Pininfarina), 1969 Peugeot 504 Cabriolet (Pininfarina), 1969 Peugeot 504 Coupe (Pininfarina), 1969 Pininfarina Sigma Grand Prix monoposto F1, 1970 Ferrari Modulo (Pininfarina), 1971 Alfa Romeo P33 Cuneo (Pininfarina), 1971 Ferrari Berlinetta Boxer (Pininfarina), 1971 NSU Ro-80 (Pininfarina), 1971 Peugeot 504 Break Riviera (Pininfarina), 1972 Alfa Romeo Alfetta Spider (Pininfarina), 1972 Ferrari 365/400/412 (Pininfarina), 1973 Autobianchi A 112 Giovani (Pininfarina), 1973 Chevrolet XP-897GT Two-Rotor (Pininfarina), 1974 Ferrari CR 25 (Pininfarina), 1974 Fiat 130 Maremma (Pininfarina), 1975 Alfa Romeo Eagle (Pininfarina), 1975 Fiat 130 Opera (Pininfarina), 1975 Rolls-Royce Camargue (Pininfarina), 1976 Lancia Gamma Coupe (Pininfarina), 1976 Peugeot Peugette (Pininfarina), 1978 Fiat Ecos (Pininfarina), 1978 Jaguar XJ Spider (Pininfarina), 1978 Lancia Gamma Spider (Pininfarina), 1978 Pininfarina Studio CNR, 1980 Ferrari Pinin (Pininfarina), 1980 Lancia Gamma Scala (Pininfarina), 1981 Audi Quartz (Pininfarina), 1982 Lancia Gamma Olgiata (Pininfarina), 1983 Fiat Ritmo Coupe (Pininfarina), 1984 Ferrari 288 GTO (Pininfarina), 1984 Honda HP-X (Pininfarina), 1985 Peugeot Griffe 4 (Pininfarina), 1986 Alfa Romeo Vivace Coupe and Spider (Pininfarina), 1987 Ferrari F40 (Pininfarina), 1988 Ferrari F90 (Pininfarina), 1988 Lancia HIT (Pininfarina), 1989 Ferrari Mythos (Pininfarina), 1990 Pininfarina CNR E2, 1991 Opel Chronos (Pininfarina), 1992 Fiat Cinquecento pick-up (Pininfarina), 1992 Pininfarina Ethos, 1993 Pininfarina Ethos 2, 1994 Ferrari 512 M (Pininfarina), 1994 Fiat Spunto (Pininfarina), 1994 Pininfarina Ethos 3, 1995 Ferrari F50 (Pininfarina), 1995 Honda Argento Vivo (Pininfarina), 1995 Honda SSM (Pininfarina), 1996 Fiat Sing e Song (Pininfarina), 1996 Pininfarina Eta Beta, 1997 Peugeot 406 Coupe (Pininfarina), 1997 Peugeot Nautilus (Pininfarina), 1998 Alfa Romeo Dardo (Pininfarina), 1998 Peugeot 206 (Pininfarina), 1999 Fiat Wish (Pininfarina), 1999 Pininfarina Metrocubo, 2000 Ferrari Rossa (Pininfarina), 2001 Citroen Osee (Pininfarina), 2001 Ford Start (Pininfarina), 2002 Ferrari Enzo (Pininfarina), 2002 Hafei HF Fantasy (Pininfarina), 2003 Ferrari 612 Scaglietti (Pininfarina), 2003 Maserati Quattroporte (Pininfarina), 2003 Pininfarina Enjoy, 2004 Ferrari Superamerica (Pininfarina), 2004 Pininfarina Double-Face, 2004 Pininfarina Nido, 2005 Chery M14 (Pininfarina), 2005 Maserati Birdcage 75th (Pininfarina), 2006 Ferrari P4/5 (Pininfarina), 2007 Brilliance BC3 Coupe (Pininfarina), 2008 Pininfarina B0 (B Zero), 2008 Pininfarina Sintesi, 2008 Rolls-Royce Hyperion (Pininfarina), 2009 Tata Pr1ma (Pininfarina), 2010 Alfa Romeo 2uettottanta (Pininfarina), 2010 Lancia Stratos (Pininfarina), 2010 Pininfarina Nido EV, 2011 DeTomaso Deauville (Pininfarina), 2011 Ferrari FF (Pininfarina), 2012 Pininfarina Cambiano, 2013 BMW Gran Lusso Coupe (Pininfarina), 2013 Pininfarina Sergio, 2016 Mahindra Formula E (Pininfarina), 2016 Pininfarina H2 Speed, 2017 Fittipaldi EF7 Vision Gran Turismo (Pininfarina), 2017 Hybrid Kinetic H600 (Pininfarina), 2017 Hybrid Kinetic K550 (Pininfarina), 2017 Hybrid Kinetic K750 (Pininfarina), 2018 Fiat 500 Spiaggina by Garage Italia (Pininfarina), 2018 Hybrid Kinetic H500 Concept (Pininfarina), 2018 Hybrid Kinetic HK GT (Pininfarina), 2018 Hybrid Kinetic K350 (Pininfarina)
Автомобили марки Ferrari
1948 Ferrari 166 Inter (Touring), 1948 Ferrari 166 MM Panoramica (Zagato), 1949 Ferrari 166 MM 'Barchetta' (Touring), 1950 Ferrari 195 Inter (Ghia), 1951 Ferrari Inter Berlinetta (Touring), 1955 Ferrari 375 America Coupe Speciale (Pininfarina), 1955 Ferrari 375 MM Coupe Speciale (Ghia), 1956 Ferrari 250 GT Berlina (Zagato), 1956 Ferrari 250 GT Coupe Corsa (Zagato), 1956 Ferrari 250 GTZ Prototipo (Zagato), 1956 Ferrari 410 Superamerica (Ghia), 1956 Ferrari 410 Superfast (Pininfarina), 1957 Ferrari 250 GT Competizone (Zagato), 1957 Ferrari 250 GT Lusso (Zagato), 1957 Ferrari 250 Testa Rossa, 1957 Ferrari 4.9 Superfast (Pininfarina), 1959 Ferrari 250 GT SWB (Pininfarina), 1959 Ferrari 400 Superamerica Coupe Speciale (Pininfarina), 1960 Ferrari 250 GT Prototype EW (Bertone), 1960 Ferrari Superfast II (Pininfarina), 1961 Ferrari 250GT (Bertone), 1962 Ferrari 250 GTO, 1962 Ferrari Superfast III (Pininfarina), 1962 Ferrari Superfast IV (Pininfarina), 1965 Ferrari 330 GT 2+2 (Michelotti), 1965 Ferrari Dino Berlinetta Speciale (Pininfarina), 1966 Ferrari 365 P Berlinetta Speciale (Pininfarina), 1966 Ferrari Dino Berlinetta GT (Pininfarina), 1967 Ferrari 330 P4, 1967 Ferrari Dino 206 Competizione (Pininfarina), 1967 Ferrari Dino 206/246 GT (Pininfarina), 1968 Ferrari 250 P5 (Pininfarina), 1968 Ferrari 275 P2 (Michelotti), 1968 Ferrari 330 GT Shooting Brake (Vignale), 1968 Ferrari P6 (Pininfarina), 1969 Ferrari 512S Speciale (Pininfarina), 1970 Ferrari Modulo (Pininfarina), 1971 Ferrari 3Z Spider (Zagato), 1971 Ferrari Berlinetta Boxer (Pininfarina), 1972 Ferrari 365/400/412 (Pininfarina), 1974 Ferrari 330 Convertibile (Zagato), 1974 Ferrari 365 GTB4 (Colani), 1974 Ferrari CR 25 (Pininfarina), 1974 Ferrari FF Roadster (Felber), 1975 Ferrari 365 GT4 Croisette SW (Felber), 1976 Ferrari 365 GTC/4 Beach Car (Felber), 1976 Ferrari Rainbow (Bertone), 1977 Ferrari 365 GTC/4 Shooting Brake (Felber), 1980 Ferrari Pinin (Pininfarina), 1983 Ferrari Meera S (Michelotti), 1984 Ferrari 288 GTO (Pininfarina), 1987 Ferrari 408 Integrale (I.DE.A), 1987 Ferrari F40 (Pininfarina), 1987 Ferrari PPG (I.DE.A), 1988 Ferrari F90 (Pininfarina), 1989 Ferrari Mythos (Pininfarina), 1989 Ferrari Testa d’Oro (Colani), 1991 Ferrari 348 Elaborazione (Zagato), 1993 Ferrari FZ93 (Zagato), 1994 Ferrari 512 M (Pininfarina), 1995 Ferrari F50 (Pininfarina), 1998 Ferrari F100 (Fioravanti), 2000 Ferrari F100r (Fioravanti), 2000 Ferrari Rossa (Pininfarina), 2002 Ferrari Enzo (Pininfarina), 2003 Ferrari 612 Scaglietti (Pininfarina), 2004 Ferrari Superamerica (Pininfarina), 2005 Ferrari GG50 (ItalDesign), 2006 Ferrari 575 GTZ (Zagato), 2006 Ferrari P4/5 (Pininfarina), 2011 Ferrari FF (Pininfarina), 2015 Ferrari F12 Berlinetta Lusso (Touring)
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