1972 Fiat X1/9 (Bertone)

Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1972–78
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1972–78
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1972–78
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1972–78
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1972–78
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1972–78
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1972–78
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1972–78
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1972–78
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1972–78
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1976–78 - Série speciale
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1976–78 - Série speciale
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1976–78 - Série speciale
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1976–78 - Série speciale
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1976–78 - Série speciale
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1976–78 - Série speciale
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1978–82
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1978–82
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1978–82
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1978–82
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1978–82
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1978–82
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1980
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1980
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1978–82 - UK-spec
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1978–82 - UK-spec
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1978–82 - UK-spec
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1978–82 - UK-spec
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1982–87
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1982–87
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1982–87 - Фото сделано на фабрике по производству щебня, не доезжая до студии в Каприэ. Там устраивали фотосессии большинству работ ателье.
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1982–87 - Фото сделано на фабрике по производству щебня, не доезжая до студии в Каприэ. Там устраивали фотосессии большинству работ ателье.
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1984
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1984
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1984
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1984
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1983
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1983
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1984
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1984
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1985
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1985
Fiat X1/9 VS (Bertone), 1985
Fiat X1/9 VS (Bertone), 1985
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1980 - Interior
Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1980 - Interior
Рисунок А. Захарова - Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1973
Рисунок А. Захарова - Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1973
Иллюстрации: Fiat; Carrozzeria Bertone s.p.a.
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Fiat X1/9 держит рекорд массовости среди GT-моделей – до 1988 года выпустили 160 тысяч штук. Кстати, это редчайший случай, когда в качестве названия модели выбрали код ее разработки. Идею кодирования предложил директор югославского завода «Црвена Застава», имевшего лицензионное соглашение с Fiat. Директор любил обсуждать будущие модели с фиатовцами и называл их не иначе как «икс-машинами».

Журнал "За рулем"


Эта двухместная спортивная модель, дизайн которой разработан кузовной фирмой "Бертоне", дебютировала в конце ноября 1972 года. Ее появление предопределили два фактора: создание "Лянча-стратос", машины с нетрадиционными для спортивного автомобиля архитектурными решениями, и возможность использовать новый силовой агрегат ФИАТ-128, удобно располагавшийся поперек кузова в его задней части.

Выразительная графика членения кузова, тщательная проработка поверхности, вплоть до, казалось бы, незначительных элементов, ярко выраженная клиновидная форма придали ФИАТу-Икс 1/9 индивидуальность и характерный спортивный стиль. Среди находок художников - расположенный под бампером воздухозаборник радиатора, невидимый с высоты человеческого роста, а также легкосъемная крыша, которую можно уложить сзади на капоте двигателя. Надстройка кузова несет ярко выраженную функциональность: ее форма обеспечила прекрасную обзорность назад, что на спортивных машинах редкость, а задние стоики образуют с задней панелью крыши своеобразную дугу безопасности.

Внимание дизайнеров к "мелочам" - объединенный с облицовкой радиатора спойлер, подчеркивающие стремительность контура машины подштамповки на боковых панелях, контрастный по цвету пластмассовый капот двигателя, убирающиеся фары - все это создало целостный образ легкого, изящного спортивного автомобиля.

Оркестр Бертоне (Денис Орлов), Журнал "Мотор" Август 2002 года


In 1972, Fiat stunned the world by introducing the world's smallest and cheapest mid-engined sports car, X1/9. It measured only 3.83 meters long and weighed 880kg. Powered by a 1.3-liter engine mounted amidship and drove the rear wheels. Its superb handling and exotic look won it the nickname "Baby Ferrari". What a pity in the following years it did not received the continuous development it deserved. Otherwise its success would have been greater…

Until the mid-1960s, mid-engined layout used to be reserved for racing cars or their thinly disguised street versions such as Porsche 550 Spyder and Ford GT40. In 1965, De Tomaso introduced the first truly road-going mid-engined sports car, Vallelunga. Then it was followed by Mangusta (1967) and Pantera (1971). Lotus, Lamborghini and Ferrari joined the battleground in 1966-67 with Europa, Miura and Dino 206GT respectively. However, all these cars were expensive and exclusive. In 1969, the first mass production mid-engined sports car was finally born - Porsche 914. In six years it sold 120,000 units, but the baby Porsche won little acclaims nor it set any new standards. While it was cheaper than the 911, it was not exactly affordable to most car buyers. This left an opportunity to X1/9.

The name X1/9 had no special meaning – certainly no implication of "experimental" or the like. It was just a new model codename Fiat adopted in the late 1960s. At that time, Fiat had its 124 Spider selling well in the USA and Europe, so it was not very keen on developing another sports car. But the situation at Bertone was the contrary. You might remember the Italian coachbuilder was responsible for building the body and making final assembly for Fiat 850 Spider. As that car came near the end of its life cycle, Bertone needed to find another car to fill the space of its Turin factory. That car was the X1/9.

Apparently, the X1/9 was the brainchild of Bertone instead of Fiat. Bertone's chief designer Marcello Gandini penned a very aggressive and futuristic prototype, with his trademark wedge body shape and pop-up headlamps, a Targa roof and most important, mid-engined layout. No one could have thought of mid-engined layout for such a small and cheap car, but Bertone had a different view. It discovered that the contemporary Fiat 128 - Fiat's first front-engined / front-wheel-drive production car - had a very compact powertrain mounted transversely and drove the front wheels. This powertrain could be transplanted to the rear end of the X1/9 together with its space-saving MacPherson strut suspensions, so that the car became mid-engined and rear-drive. In this way, Bertone created the world's smallest mid-engined car at very little development and production costs. Very clever!

The clever packaging doesn't stop there. To liberate more space from the limited exterior dimensions, Bertone put the spare wheel behind the right seat and the fuel tank behind the left seat, just in front of the engine compartment. The engine compartment was also made as small as possible by putting the 128 engine more upright. As a result, X1/9 had two useful luggage compartments, one at the tail and one at the front.

Initially, Fiat wanted to build a convertible, but in order to pass the stricter crash protection requirements foreseeable in the USA, it was convinced a Targa would be a better solution. Gandini's design cleverly integrated the rollover bar beautifully with the car body. It also contributed to the immense strength of the chassis. Should the driver want to enjoy sunshine and fresh air, he could detach the roof panel easily and store it in the front luggage compartment.

With a strong chassis and mid-engined balance, no wonder every motoring journalist praised the X1/9 for great handling. Yes, its skinny tires weren't very grippy, and it was tail-happy on wet surfaces. But give it a dry road and you will see no contemporary rivals could match its steering response, feel and agility.

Unfortunately, the engine lacked power to match the superb chassis. From 1972-78, X1/9 was powered by the aforementioned 1290cc sohc engine from the bread-and-butter 128. It pumped out only 75 horsepower and propelled the car from standstill to 60 mph in nearly 13 seconds. Top speed was around 100 mph. Even by the standard of the early 1970s it was considered to be slow. By 1978, the engine was upgraded to 1498cc and 85hp, taken from Ritmo / Strada. Performance improved to 110 mph and 0-60 mph took 10.8 seconds. However, since then Fiat virtually stopped any development of the car. By 1982, Fiat stopped selling the car by itself and sold all the production tooling to Bertone. Bertone continued making the car under its name until 1988 without any major changes. A total of 166,000 X1/9s were produced in its 17 years life span. What a pity a great little car ended this way.

Autocar magazine concluded the X1/9 as "a truly great car unfairly ignored by Fiat". Another verdict from the same magazine: "A minor masterpiece at birth, X1/9 was never properly developed and was soon out-paced by faster rivals." How true that was! In my opinion, Fiat's engineering chief Dante Giacosa had never took the brainchild of Bertone as seriously as his own creations. It got the greenlight just because Bertone found ways to develop and build it cheaply. Assuming it got the necessary investment, especially a dedicated twin-cam engine, it could have been an all-time great, bettering even Lotus Elan. Sadly, Fiat wasted a brilliant concept and let Toyota to realize its potential some 12 years later with MR2...

www.autozine.org
Разработки студии Bertone
1942 Alfa Romeo 6C 2500 SS Coupe (Bertone), 1952 Abarth 1500 Coupe Biposto (Bertone), 1953 Alfa Romeo B.A.T. 5 (Bertone), 1953 Arnolt Bristol (Bertone), 1953 Aston Martin DB 2/4 (Bertone), 1953 Aston Martin DB2/4 Drophead Coupe (Bertone), 1953 Dodge Zeder (Bertone), 1953 Fiat Siata 8V (Bertone), 1954 Alfa Romeo 2000 Sportiva (Bertone), 1954 Alfa Romeo B.A.T. 7 (Bertone), 1954 Alfa Romeo Giulietta Sprint (Bertone), 1954 Aston Martin DB2/4 Spider (Bertone), 1955 Alfa Romeo B.A.T. 9 (Bertone), 1955 Alfa Romeo Giulietta Spider (Bertone), 1956 Abarth 750 (Bertone), 1956 Abarth Record (Bertone), 1957 Alfa Romeo Giulietta Sprint Speciale (Bertone), 1957 Fiat Stanguellini 1200 Spider (Bertone), 1957 Jaguar XK150 (Bertone), 1958 Abarth Alfa Romeo 1000 (Bertone), 1958 NSU Sport Prinz (Bertone), 1959 Maserati 3500 GT Coupe (Bertone), 1959 OSCA 1500 (Bertone), 1960 Ferrari 250 GT Prototype EW (Bertone), 1960 Gordon-Keeble GT (Bertone), 1961 ASA 1000 GT (Bertone), 1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Jet (Bertone), 1961 BMW 3200 CS (Bertone), 1961 Ferrari 250GT (Bertone), 1961 Maserati 5000 GT Coupe (Bertone), 1962 Iso Rivolta GT (Bertone), 1962 Simca 1000/1200S Coupe (Bertone), 1963 Alfa Romeo 2600 Sprint HS (Bertone), 1963 Chevrolet Corvair Testudo (Bertone), 1963 Iso Grifo (Bertone), 1964 Alfa Romeo Canguro (Bertone), 1965 Fiat 850 Spider (Bertone), 1965 Ford Mustang (Bertone), 1966 Jaguar FT (Bertone), 1966 Lamborghini Miura (Bertone), 1966 Porsche 911 Roadster (Bertone), 1967 Alfa Romeo Montreal Expo Prototipo (Bertone), 1967 Fiat 125 Executive (Bertone), 1967 Jaguar Pirana (Bertone), 1967 Lamborghini Marzal (Bertone), 1968 Alfa Romeo Carabo (Bertone), 1968 Bertone Panther, 1968 Lamborghini Espada (Bertone), 1968 Lamborghini Miura Roadster (Bertone), 1969 Autobianchi Runabout (Bertone), 1969 BMW 2800 Spicup (Bertone), 1969 Fiat 128 Coupe (Bertone), 1969 Iso Lele (Bertone), 1970 Bertone Shake, 1970 BMW 2200 TI Garmisch (Bertone), 1970 Lancia Stratos Zero (Bertone), 1971 Lamborghini Countach (Bertone), 1971 Lancia Stratos HF (Bertone), 1972 Citroen Camargue (Bertone), 1972 Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1972 Maserati Khamsin (Bertone), 1972 Suzuki Go (Bertone), 1973 NSU Trapeze (Bertone), 1974 Fiat 127 Village (Bertone), 1974 Lamborghini Bravo (Bertone), 1974 Maserati Quattroporte II (Bertone), 1975 Fiat 131 Abarth (Bertone), 1975 Fiat Visitors Bus (Bertone), 1975 Fiat X1/9 Dallara (Bertone), 1976 Alfa Romeo Navajo (Bertone), 1976 Ferrari Rainbow (Bertone), 1977 Jaguar Ascot (Bertone), 1978 Lancia Sibilo (Bertone), 1979 Volvo Tundra (Bertone), 1980 Lamborghini Athon (Bertone), 1981 Mazda MX-81 Aria (Bertone), 1982 Citroen BX (Bertone), 1983 Alfa Romeo Delfino (Bertone), 1984 Chevrolet Ramarro (Bertone), 1986 Citroen Zabrus (Bertone), 1988 Lamborghini Genesis (Bertone), 1990 Chevrolet Corvette Nivola (Bertone), 1991 Lotus Emotion (Bertone), 1992 Bertone Blitz, 1992 Fiat Cinquecento RUSH (Bertone), 1994 Bertone ZER (Zero Emission Record), 1994 Fiat Punto Racer (Bertone), 1994 Porsche Karisma (Bertone), 1995 Lancia Kayak (Bertone), 1995 Opel Maxx (Bertone), 1996 Citroen Berlingo Coupe de Plage (Bertone), 1996 Fiat Enduro (Bertone), 1996 Opel Slalom (Bertone), 1997 Alfa Romeo Sportut (Bertone), 1998 Bertone Pickster, 1999 Alfa Romeo Bella (Bertone), 2000 Bertone Slim, 2001 Oldsmobile O4 (Bertone), 2001 Opel Filo (Bertone), 2001 Saab 9X (Bertone), 2002 Bertone Novanta, 2003 Alfa Romeo GT Coupe (Bertone), 2003 Bertone Birusa, 2003 Opel Insignia (Bertone), 2004 Aston Martin Jet2 (Bertone), 2005 Cadillac Villa (Bertone), 2006 Bertone Suagna, 2007 Chery A6CC Coupe (B23) (Bertone), 2007 Fiat Barchetta (Bertone), 2008 Bertone B.A.T. 11, 2009 Bertone Mantide, 2010 Alfa Romeo Pandion (Bertone), 2011 Jaguar B99 (Bertone), 2011 Jaguar B99 GT (Bertone), 2012 Bertone Nuccio, 2013 Aston Martin Jet 2+2 (Bertone)
Автомобили марки Fiat
1912 Fiat Tipo Zero (Pininfarina), 1928 Fiat 520 Cabiolet (Touring), 1930 Fiat 525 N Cabriolet 'Royal' (Touring), 1931 Fiat 522C Roadster 'Flying Star' (Touring), 1933 Fiat 508 Cabriolet 'Ametista' (Touring), 1933 Fiat 508 Cabriolet 'Smeraldo' (Touring), 1933 Fiat 508S Balilla Spider (Ghia), 1936 Fiat 500 Topolino, 1936 Fiat 500A Topolino Trasformabile (Zagato), 1938 Fiat 1500 Cabriolet (Touring), 1938 Fiat 1500 Spider MM (Zagato), 1938 Fiat 508 C 1100 Mille Miglia Spider (Touring), 1947 Fiat 1100 Panoramica (Zagato), 1948 Fiat 1400 Panoramica (Zagato), 1950 Fiat 1400 Berlinetta (Touring), 1950 Fiat 500 C Panoramica (Zagato), 1952 Fiat 8V, 1952 Fiat 8VZ (Zagato), 1953 Fiat 8V Boano Coupe (Ghia), 1953 Fiat 8V Coupe (Vignale), 1953 Fiat 8V Spider (Vignale), 1953 Fiat 8V Supersonic Coupe (Ghia), 1953 Fiat Siata 8V (Bertone), 1954 Fiat 8V Coupe Corsa (Vignale), 1954 Fiat 8V Demon Rouge (Vignale), 1954 Fiat Turbina, 1955 Fiat 1100 TV Speciale (Pininfarina), 1955 Fiat 8V Berlinetta Speciale (Pininfarina), 1956 Fiat 1100 Desiree (Vignale), 1956 Fiat Multipla Marine (Pininfarina), 1956 Fiat Multipla Spiaggetta (Vignale), 1957 Fiat Jolly (Ghia), 1957 Fiat Stanguellini 1200 Spider (Bertone), 1958 Fiat 1100-1200 (Moretti), 1958 Fiat 1400 B Berlina (Savio), 1959 Fiat 1800 Cabriolet (Monterosa), 1959 Fiat 1800/2100 Coupe (Vignale), 1959 Fiat 2100 Coupe (Pininfarina), 1959 Fiat Marianella (Fissore), 1960 Fiat 1500 Spider 'Bonetto' (Boneschi), 1960 Fiat 500 Coupe (Moretti), 1960 Fiat 600D Speciale (Vignale), 1961 Fiat 600 D Berlinetta Aerodinamica Modello 'Y' (Pininfarina), 1962 Fiat 2300 Coupe Speciale (Pininfarina), 1962 Fiat 2500 SS (Moretti), 1962 Fiat 500 Ziba (Ghia), 1962 Fiat 600D Record (Vignale), 1963 Fiat 1100D Weekend (Moretti), 1963 Fiat 1300-1500 (Moretti), 1963 Fiat 2300 Cabriolet Speciale (Pininfarina), 1963 Fiat 2300 S Lausanne (Pininfarina), 1963 Fiat 600/750 (Moretti), 1964 Fiat 1500 Coupe (Moretti), 1964 Fiat 2300 S Coupe Speciale (Pininfarina), 1964 Fiat 500 Coccinella (Francis Lombardi), 1964 Fiat 850 (Vignale), 1964 Fiat 850 Coupe and Spider (Moretti), 1964 Fiat 850 Libellula (Francis Lombardi), 1964 Fiat 850 Z Coupe (Zagato), 1965 Fiat 2300 S Coupe Speciale (Pininfarina), 1965 Fiat 850 Coupe Sportivo (Vignale), 1965 Fiat 850 Spider (Bertone), 1965 Fiat 850 Sportiva (Moretti), 1966 Fiat 124 (Moretti), 1966 Fiat 124 Cabriolet (Touring), 1966 Fiat 124 Smart (Francis Lombardi), 1966 Fiat 124 Sport Coupe Speciale (Pininfarina), 1966 Fiat 850 Vanessa (Ghia), 1966 Fiat Dino Speciale Prototipo (Pininfarina), 1967 Fiat 1100R Coupe (Moretti), 1967 Fiat 124 Coupe Eveline (Vignale), 1967 Fiat 124 Savana (Savio), 1967 Fiat 125 (Moretti), 1967 Fiat 125 Executive (Bertone), 1967 Fiat 125 GTZ (Zagato), 1967 Fiat 125 Samantha (Vignale), 1967 Fiat 850 Spider Monza (Francis Lombardi), 1967 Fiat Dino Parigi (Pininfarina), 1968 Fiat 124 Coupe (Savio), 1968 Fiat 125 Station Wagon (Savio), 1968 Fiat 850-Special "Grand Prix" (Francis Lombardi), 1968 Fiat City Taxi Prototyp, 1968 Fiat Dino Ginevra (Pininfarina), 1968 Fiat Shellette (Michelotti), 1969 Fiat 128 (Moretti), 1969 Fiat 128 Coupe (Bertone), 1969 Fiat 128 Teenager (Pininfarina), 1969 Fiat 500 Zanzara (Zagato), 1969 Fiat 850 Dart (Vignale), 1969 Fiat 850 Monza (Francis Lombardi), 1971 Fiat 127 Midimaxi (Moretti), 1971 Fiat 127 Scout (Fissore), 1971 Fiat E.S.V., 1971 Fiat Pulsar (Michelotti), 1972 Fiat 127 Coupe (Moretti), 1972 Fiat 127 Holiday (Francis Lombardi), 1972 Fiat 132 Aster (Zagato), 1972 Fiat 132 Coupe (Moretti), 1972 Fiat Citycar, 1972 Fiat Flares (Michelotti), 1972 Fiat X1/23, 1972 Fiat X1/9 (Bertone), 1973 Fiat 126 Minimaxi (Moretti), 1974 Fiat 127 Coupe (Francis Lombardi), 1974 Fiat 127 Village (Bertone), 1974 Fiat 130 Maremma (Pininfarina), 1975 Fiat 130 Opera (Pininfarina), 1975 Fiat 131 Abarth (Bertone), 1975 Fiat Visitors Bus (Bertone), 1975 Fiat X1/9 Dallara (Bertone), 1976 Fiat City Car (Michelotti), 1978 Fiat Campagnola 2000 Sporting 4x4 (Moretti), 1978 Fiat Ecos (Pininfarina), 1980 Fiat Panda 4x4 Offroader/Strip (ItalDesign), 1981 Fiat VSS (I.DE.A), 1983 Fiat Ritmo Coupe (Pininfarina), 1985 Fiat Halley (Maggiora), 1992 Fiat 500 Z-Eco (Zagato), 1992 Fiat Cinquecento (ItalDesign), 1992 Fiat Cinquecento Birba (Maggiora), 1992 Fiat Cinquecento Cita (Stola), 1992 Fiat Cinquecento Fionda (Coggiola), 1992 Fiat Cinquecento pick-up (Pininfarina), 1992 Fiat Cinquecento RUSH (Bertone), 1993 Fiat Downtown, 1993 Fiat Scia (Maggiora), 1994 Fiat Barchetta (Maggiora), 1994 Fiat Firepoint (ItalDesign), 1994 Fiat Punto 4x4 TL (Giannini), 1994 Fiat Punto Monomille (Zagato), 1994 Fiat Punto Racer (Bertone), 1994 Fiat Punto Surf (Coggiola), 1994 Fiat Spunto (Pininfarina), 1994 Fiat ZIC, 1995 Fiat Barchetta Coupe (Maggiora), 1995 Fiat Vanzic, 1996 Fiat Armadillo (Maggiora), 1996 Fiat Brava Sentiero (Coggiola), 1996 Fiat Bravo Windsurf (Giannini), 1996 Fiat Enduro (Bertone), 1996 Fiat Multipla Concept, 1996 Fiat Sing e Song (Pininfarina), 1996 Fiat Vuscia (I.DE.A), 1996 Fiat Zicster, 1998 Fiat Multipla, 1999 Fiat Wish (Pininfarina), 2000 Fiat Ecobasic, 2002 Fiat Simba, 2003 Fiat Marrakech (I.DE.A), 2004 Fiat Idea 5Terre, 2004 Fiat Trepiuno (I.DE.A), 2005 Fiat Oltre, 2005 Fiat Sportiva Latina, 2005 Fiat X1/99 (IED), 2006 Fiat Ducato Truckster, 2006 Fiat FCC Adventure, 2006 Fiat Panda Jolly (Stola), 2007 Fiat Barchetta (Bertone), 2008 Fiat FCC II Bugster, 2008 Fiat Portofino, 2008 Fiat Tender Two EV (Castagna), 2010 Fiat Mio FCC III, 2010 Fiat Uno Cabriolet, 2011 Fiat 500 Coupe (Zagato), 2014 Fiat FCC4, 2018 Fiat 500 Spiaggina by Garage Italia (Pininfarina), 2018 Fiat Fastback, 2019 Fiat Centoventi
Смотрите статьи об этом автомобиле:
Оркестр Бертоне
Денис Орлов
Журнал "МОТОР", Август 2002 года
Пять этапов жизни короля
Н.Розанов
Журнал «АВТОМОБИЛИ», 5-2003
Коварные убийцы и мотыльки (Стиль 70-х)
Н. Розанов, кандидат искусствоведения.
Журнал "АВТОМОБИЛИ", 11-1998
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john
6 ноября 2010 г.
super car
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