1978 Ford GT80 (Colani)

Ford GT80 (Colani), 1978
Ford GT80 (Colani), 1978
Ford GT80 (Colani), 1978
Ford GT80 (Colani), 1978
Ford GT80 (Colani), 1978
Ford GT80 (Colani), 1978
Ford GT80 (Colani), 1978
Ford GT80 (Colani), 1978
Ford GT80 (Colani), 1978
Ford GT80 (Colani), 1978
Ford GT80 (Colani), 1978
Ford GT80 (Colani), 1978
Ford GT80 (Colani), 1978
Ford GT80 (Colani), 1978
Ford GT80 (Colani), 1978
Ford GT80 (Colani), 1978
Ford GT80 (Colani), 1978
Ford GT80 (Colani), 1978
Luigi Colani, right, during the design of the Ford Colani GT80.
Luigi Colani, right, during the design of the Ford Colani GT80.
The Colani GT80 Chassis and Frame before being skinned with aluminium.
The Colani GT80 Chassis and Frame before being skinned with aluminium.
Алюминиевый кузов ручной формовки, 1975
Алюминиевый кузов ручной формовки, 1975
Иллюстрации: Colani Design
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Further development of the Ford GT40 as “grand style” for Le Mans in Colani’s C-Form
Luigi Colani was unique in the automotive world, in that he was both an engineer in aerodynamics (Sorbonne, Paris) and an artist and sculptor (Berlin), and that was an invaluable combination for a car designer today when aerodynamics was such a critically important word. From the mid 1950s Luigi Colani had been designing cars, most of them very advanced sports and racing machines.

By the mid 1980s he had become one of the most famous designers in Europe and was design consultant to BMW and Volkswagen, among others. Being a specialist in aerodynamics Colani alway put a very steamlined body to his cars and by using his experience with the aircraft industry, Colani had, with the GT80, finally come up with a design very similar to racing's wing cars.

The fully enclosed rear-end, as on the Lotus 80 Formula One car and the Chaparral 2K Indy car, was previewed by Colani in 1970. Long before Colin Chapman and other designers did it, Colani conceived prototypes with the whole body designed as a converted wing. He called it the C-Form (C = Colani) and his principle was patented in Munich by "Deutsches Patentamt" on November 25, 1967. Stern magazine published an article on the C-Form principle the following year.

During the decade that was the 70s, Colani built several full scale models and mock-ups of C-Form wing cars. The Colani GT80 prototype unveiled at the Frankfurt show in 1980 was the result of these many years of aerodynamic study and development. In 1973 the first 1:1 mock-up model of this very advanced project was ready at Colani's studio at his Harkotten water-castle near Munster, Germany.

Two years later the final layout of the design was done and a final mock-up model with a rolling chassis was built. In 1978 a two-seater monocoque aluminium chassis was built (to Formula One standards) for Colani by Tiga Racing Cars in England. In 1979 the showcar was just ready for Frankfurt, but the following year the Colani GT80 was ready for the road.

The GT80 was more expensive than a Rolls-Royce, Colani said, because in every respect the very best materials were used. Like the famous Ford GT40, the Colani GT80 was a Le Mans type car for the road. The actual Le Mans racing version had already been built at Harkotten Castle. The Colani GT80 prototype shown at Frankfurt was built around the Ford Cosworth V6 engine, which was highly successful in the racing Capris from Cologne. It had also been used in Formula 5000 in England. It was a 24-valved engine of 3400 cm3 with 298 kW at 10,500 rpm.

The Frankfurt Show press material on the GT80 was produced by Ford of Europe, but the whole project was paid for by Colani himself. The show car had Formula One wheels and tyres but the road brakes and suspension were up to Formula One standard, too, and were designed by Howden Ganley. The brakes were outboard. There were double wishbones at the front; lower wishbones and upper trailing link at the rear with twin radius rods. The suspension parts were originally designed for Howden Ganley's private Formula One project.

To further improve airflow the second GT80 prototype was fitted with inboard rocker type suspension. The gearbox was a five-speed ZF and the same firm designed a very special steering rack for the car. ZF went on to help design some electronic components for the GT80; for example, an automatic down-force sensing device to adjust the front wing section. Thus it was possible to reduce air resistance while driving at high speed and to produce more down-force when in corners.

Colani claimed that the GT80 had a coefficient of drag less than 0.2, which was remarkably slippery. As the car had a complete wing shaped body with a sharp trailing edge like an aircraft wing, the lack of a rear window was overcome by placing a wide angled video-camera into a roof fairing. By pushing a switch, a monitor built into the spokeless steering wheel showed the whole rear view. An airbag was also placed in the steering wheel - a unique feature back in 1980. The noise level of the production car would have been very low thanks to a 20 cm wall of insulation material between the engine and seats - but the car never made the production line.

The good aerodynamic shape of the car reduced wind noise to a very low level. The glass was all flat and black with one big wiper on the windscreen and one on each side window. The very dramatically shaped body is aluminium, handmade for Colani by Marsh Developments in England. "It has been a long way," Colani said. "But seeing the result, I really feel that it has all been worthwhile". In this case - you judge for yourself.


There are only 3 cars of this type in different variants:

1. First was plastic body "New RS" with Castrol sponsor marking.

2. Second was aluminum version - Ford GT 80 Colani. Ford give motor for these car, the same as in the De Tomaso Pantera.

3. Body number 3 was renovating or damaged.
По материалам: uniquecarsandparts.com.au; www.colani.de
Автомобили марки Ford
1907 Ford Model T, 1928 Ford Model A, 1950 Ford Muroc, 1953 Ford Vega, 1953 Ford X-100, 1954 Ford FX Atmos, 1954 Ford Maxima, 1955 Ford La Tosca, 1955 Ford Mystere, 1955 Ford Thunderbird, 1955 Ford X-1000, 1956 Ford Thunderbird Mexico, 1958 Ford De Paolo, 1958 Ford La Galaxie, 1958 Ford Nucleon, 1958 Ford Volante, 1958 Ford X2000, 1959 Ford Levacar Mach I, 1961 Ford Gyron, 1962 Ford Cougar 406, 1962 Ford Mustang I, 1962 Ford Seattle-ite XXI, 1963 Ford Allegro, 1963 Ford Cougar II (Vignale), 1963 Ford Mustang II Prototype, 1964 Ford Aurora, 1964 Ford GT40, 1964 Ford Mustang, 1964 Ford Turbine Truck, 1965 Ford Mustang (Bertone), 1965 Ford Mustang Mach 1 Prototype, 1965 Ford Mustang Station Wagon (Intermeccanica), 1965 Ford XP Bordinat Cobra, 1966 Ford Magic Cruiser, 1966 Ford Ranger II, 1967 Ford Allegro II Roadster, 1967 Ford Comuta, 1967 Ford Mach 2, 1967 Ford Ranger III, 1968 Ford Fiera, 1968 Ford Techna, 1968 Ford Thunderbird Saturn, 1969 Ford Super Cobra, 1969 Ford Thunderbird Saturn II, 1970 Ford Mach II, 1970 Ford Maverick Estate Coupe, 1970 Ford Mustang Milano, 1971 Ford GT-70 (Ghia), 1971 Ford Tridon, 1972 Ford Pinto Sportiva, 1973 Ford Mustela II (Ghia), 1974 Ford Coins (Ghia), 1974 Ford Sportiva II, 1975 Ford Flashback (Ghia), 1975 Ford Urban Car (Manx) (Ghia), 1976 Ford Corrida (Ghia), 1976 Ford Prima (Ghia), 1977 Ford Megastar (Ghia), 1978 Ford Fiesta Tuareg (Ghia), 1978 Ford GT80 (Colani), 1978 Ford Lucano (Ghia), 1978 Ford Megastar II (Ghia), 1978 Ford Microsport (Ghia), 1978 Ford Mustang III (Ghia), 1979 Ford GTK (Ghia), 1979 Ford Mustang IMSA, 1979 Ford Navarre (Ghia), 1979 Ford Probe I (Ghia), 1980 Ford Bronco Montana Lobo, 1980 Ford Granada Altair (Ghia), 1980 Ford Mustang RSX (Ghia), 1980 Ford Pockar (Ghia), 1980 Ford Probe II, 1981 Ford Aerovan (Ghia), 1981 Ford Avant Garde (Ghia), 1981 Ford Cockpit (Ghia), 1981 Ford EXP, 1981 Ford EXP-II (Ghia), 1981 Ford Probe III, 1981 Ford Shuttler (Ghia), 1981 Ford Super Gnat (Ghia), 1982 Ford AFV, 1982 Ford Brezza (Ghia), 1982 Ford Econocar, 1982 Ford Flair, 1982 Ford Probe IV, 1982 Ford Quicksilver (Ghia), 1982 Ford Topaz (Ghia), 1983 Ford Barchetta (Ghia), 1983 Ford Trio (Ghia), 1984 Ford Aerostar, 1984 Ford APV (Ghia), 1984 Ford Maya (ItalDesign), 1984 Ford Vignale Mustang (Ghia), 1984 Ford Vignale TSX-4 (Ghia), 1985 Ford Eltec, 1985 Ford Maya II EM (ItalDesign), 1985 Ford Maya II ES (ItalDesign), 1985 Ford Probe V (Ghia), 1985 Ford Urby (Ghia), 1986 Ford Cobra 230 ME, 1986 Ford Vignale TSX-6 (Ghia), 1987 Ford HFX Aerostar (Ghia), 1988 Ford Bronco DM-1, 1988 Ford Splash, 1989 Ford Fiesta Urba, 1989 Ford Prototype (Colani), 1989 Ford Saguaro (Ghia), 1989 Ford Via (Ghia), 1990 Ford F-150 Street, 1990 Ford Fiesta Bebop (Ghia), 1990 Ford ShocccWave, 1990 Ford Surf, 1990 Ford Zag (Ghia), 1990 Ford Zig (Ghia), 1991 Ford Connecta (Ghia), 1991 Ford Contour, 1992 Ford Focus (Ghia), 1993 Ford Mustang Mach III, 1993 Ford sub-B, 1993 Ford Synthesis 2010, 1994 Ford Arioso (Ghia), 1994 Ford PowerStroke, 1995 Ford GT90, 1996 Ford Alpe (Ghia), 1996 Ford IndiGo, 1996 Ford Lynx (Ghia), 1996 Ford Saetta (Ghia), 1996 Ford Synergy 2010, 1996 Ford Vivace (Ghia), 1997 Ford Ka, 1997 Ford Powerforce, 1998 Ford Focus, 1998 Ford Ka (Colani), 1998 Ford Libre, 1998 Ford Touring Ka (Ghia), 1999 Ford 021C, 1999 Ford P2000, 1999 Ford TH!NK city, 1999 Ford Thunderbird, 2000 Ford 24.7 Coupe , 2000 Ford 24.7 Pickup, 2000 Ford 24.7 Wagon, 2000 Ford Equator, 2000 Ford Prodigy, 2000 Ford Street Ka (Ghia), 2001 Ford Ex, 2001 Ford F-150 Lightning Rod, 2001 Ford Forty-Nine (Ghia), 2001 Ford Start (Pininfarina), 2001 Ford Thunderbird Sports Roadster Concept, 2002 Ford GT-40, 2002 Ford MA, 2002 Ford Mighty F-350 Tonka, 2003 Ford 427, 2003 Ford Faction, 2003 Ford Freestyle FX, 2003 Ford GloCar , 2003 Ford Model U, 2003 Ford Mustang GT, 2003 Ford Visos, 2004 Ford Bronco, 2004 Ford Focus Concept, 2004 Ford Focus Vignale, 2004 Ford Shelby Cobra, 2004 Ford Shelby GR-1, 2005 Ford Equator, 2005 Ford Fairlane, 2005 Ford Iosis, 2005 Ford SAV, 2005 Ford Sport-Trac, 2005 Ford Synus, 2006 Ford 4-Trac, 2006 Ford F-250 Super Chief, 2006 Ford iosis X, 2006 Ford Mustang (ItalDesign), 2006 Ford Reflex, 2007 Ford Airstream, 2007 Ford Interceptor, 2007 Ford Verve, 2008 Ford Explorer America, 2008 Ford Transit Connect Taxi, 2009 Ford iosis MAX, 2010 Ford Start, 2011 Ford B-Max, 2011 Ford Evos, 2011 Ford Fiesta ST, 2011 Ford Vertrek, 2012 Ford EcoSport, 2013 Ford Atlas, 2013 Ford Escort, 2014 Ford Figo, 2018 Ford F-Vision
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